I created a directory and the next step is to make that directory part of a group. Is this down with chown? Or another command? This is for my schoolwork. We have gone over permissions and changing file ownership and modigying users. Chown & chmod. But I cant find anything in my notes about making a directory part of a group. What am i missing?

Would i use chown -R group-name directory name/pathway

The very next questions is changing permissions of "others" which i know how to do.

  • 1
    When you looked at chown did you also look at chgrp? If not, I would suggest you do so.
    – roaima
    Dec 4 '19 at 20:02
  • ok so thank you. chgrp group-name directory name would be it?
    – BIsco
    Dec 4 '19 at 20:12
  • or should it be recursive?
    – BIsco
    Dec 4 '19 at 20:17

The way that UNIX operates, everything is a file, including directories. As such, directories can have their user and group changed using chown just like folders.

To change just the top level directory.

chown :groupname directory

To change the directory and all the sub-files and sub-directories.

chown -R :groupname directory

If you have any other questions about chown, I would recommend checking out the chown man page or taking a look at this askUbuntu answer.


Each directory (or file) has owner, group and permissions.

You cannot "make directory part of a group", but you can change directory (or file) group ownership.

The command to change group ownership is chgrp:

chgrp <group> <directory-or-file-name>

The command chown also can be used to change a directory (or file) group membership, where group name is specified together or without owner name.

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