Given the following directories structure:

$ tree --noreport dir

├── fileA
├── .hiddenfileA
├── .hiddendirA
|   ├── .hiddenfileB
│   ├── fileC
│   └── fileD
└── dirA
    ├── .hiddenfileC
    ├── fileE
    └── fileF

The requirement is to make a call to find so that files from hidden directories but not hidden files (under not hidden directories) are excluded from the result.

The expected return should be something similar to:


Did some research and found here information that led me to create the following call to find

$ find . -type f -not -path '*/\.*' -print

But this solution has the drawback that skips hidden directories and files.

  • Should a file at the path some/.dir/here/file be returned or not? – Kusalananda Dec 30 '19 at 7:48
  • @Kusalananda Since it is under a hidden directory it should not be returned. – Paulo Tomé Dec 30 '19 at 15:47

Prune hidden directories and limit the results to files:

find . -type d -name '.?*' -prune -o -type f -print

As suggested by jthill, you might prefer filtering out directories, which would result in showing files, links etc.:

find . -type d -name '.?*' -prune -o ! -type d -print
  • OCD squishification: find -type d -name '.?*' -prune -o -type f -- but you probably want to end with ! -type d instead of -type f so you get symbolic links and other less-usual types – jthill Nov 27 '19 at 16:04
  • Thanks for the simplification! I was following the filter from the question. – Stephen Kitt Nov 27 '19 at 16:28

The command you have is very close to working.  Use

find . -type f ! -path '*/.*/*' -print
  • The path pattern, */.*/*, looks for a /. (implying a segment name that begins with .) followed (eventually) by a / — so the segment name that begins with . cannot be the last one (the file name); i.e., it must be a directory name.
  • -path uses filename expansion patterns; a.k.a. globs or wildcards.  So you don’t need to put \ before ..
  • Don’t use -not if you want portability to non-GNU systems.  The use of ! to represent “not” is specified by POSIX, and works in every version of find (even BSD, Solaris, etc., and ancient systems).

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