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I am trying to write a script(let's say script1.sh) that find the lines that contain the words that I give, in files that are in a certain directory and its sub directories and only those that are in the files with certain a file extension. So ./script1.sh python py this.is.what.i.look.for should give results like these:

python/abc/file1.py:11:    this.is.what.i.look.for and the line can contain other things as well
python/file2.py:412: this.is.what.i.look.for this.toggleButton.getElement())

I've tried using grep -r to search in the sub directories and managed to find the lines.

grep -r -e $3 $1

gives me the lines but fails to weed out other files with different file extensions and I couldn't find a way to include $2 in the code. Also I failed to put the line numbers in the middle. I tried to split the output into 2 parts like this: python/abc/file1.py: this.is.what.i.look.for and the line can contain other things as well with awk -F " " '{print $1} but couldn't put them back together. I wanted to assign the parts of the output of the grep function into variables and then put them back together but failed at that as well. t1="grep -r -e $3 $1 | awk -F " " '{print $1}'" I tried using " ", ' ' ,$() to assign values since I didn't know which one to use but none of them worked.

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  • Does your system's version of grep support a --include glob match option? Nov 23, 2019 at 12:26
  • Yes it supports that option
    – arty
    Nov 23, 2019 at 12:30

1 Answer 1

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At least with GNU grep, you can use --include (and --exclude) to restrict the matches in a recursive grep, using a shell-style glob expression:

grep -r --include='*.py' -e pattern dir

You can add -n or --line-number to add the numbering. Finally, remember to quote the positional parameters - so

grep -nr --include="*.$2" -e "$3" "$1"
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  • I didn't know about the -n and --include. Thank you very much for the explanation.
    – arty
    Nov 23, 2019 at 12:47

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