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I have has installed Ubuntu/Debian too many times on it (five times), but for inexplicable reasons, it just stopped working and corrupt the files in it without intervention.

I don't know if it is an adapter issue, but I have realized at least two badblocks analysis and nothing wrong there.

The system stills working for at least four weeks.

The error can occur at runtime (disk just falls in a writing/reading mode), or at boot (just can't boot because the disk starts to fail sector-by-sector)

It's to note that I have been installed Debian 10 Stable, and I have no issues again (six months). It looks like a Ubuntu-only issue. Also, this week I had the opportunity to put my disk in a SATA, now I can see that the disk is moderately healthy, so probably was Ubuntu plus a micro/minimum that it can't treat that the major issue did occur.

It is possible to do a SMART report to an external USB HDD?

  • What are you actually asking? – roaima May 14 '20 at 7:27
  • "It is possible to do a SMART report to an external USB HDD?" – DATALOT May 14 '20 at 8:48
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You can run a SMART check on any connected disk. You may need to install the smartmontools package, and then the command is smartctl. You can man smartctl to read its documentation.

Examples

smartctl -a /dev/sdb          # Report the SMART information from sdb
smartctl -t short /dev/sdb    # Run a short test on sdb

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