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I have a process with file capabilities set. This process forks (clone) a child, which should inherit the set capabilities. Actually, the strace below (20897 is the process started with file capabilities set, esp. CAP_NET_ADMIN=eip but also some others for debugging) looks just like that - until the ioctl, which should work with CAP_NET_ADMIN (which looks to me like it IS set!?).

[pid 20897] clone(child_stack=NULL, flags=CLONE_CHILD_CLEARTID|CLONE_CHILD_SETTID|SIGCHLD, child_tidptr=0x7f64f8d09bd0) = 20903
strace: Process 20903 attached
[pid 20903] openat(AT_FDCWD, "/etc/security/capability.conf", O_RDONLY) = 6
[pid 20903] capset({version=_LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_3, pid=0}, {effective=1<<CAP_CHOWN|1<<CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE|1<<CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH|1<<CAP_FOWNER|1<<CAP_FSETID|1<<CAP_KILL|1<<CAP_SETGID|1<<CAP_SETUID|1<<CAP_SETPCAP|1<<CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE|1<<CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE|1<<CAP_NET_BROADCAST|1<<CAP_NET_ADMIN|1<<CAP_NET_RAW|1<<CAP_IPC_LOCK|1<<CAP_IPC_OWNER|1<<CAP_SYS_MODULE|1<<CAP_SYS_RAWIO|1<<CAP_SYS_CHROOT|1<<CAP_SYS_PTRACE|1<<CAP_SYS_PACCT|1<<CAP_SYS_ADMIN|1<<CAP_SYS_BOOT|1<<CAP_SYS_NICE|1<<CAP_SYS_RESOURCE|1<<CAP_SYS_TIME|1<<CAP_SYS_TTY_CONFIG|1<<CAP_MKNOD|1<<CAP_LEASE|1<<CAP_AUDIT_WRITE|1<<CAP_AUDIT_CONTROL|1<<CAP_SETFCAP|1<<CAP_MAC_OVERRIDE|1<<CAP_MAC_ADMIN|1<<CAP_SYSLOG|1<<CAP_WAKE_ALARM|1<<CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND|1<<CAP_AUDIT_READ, permitted=1<<CAP_CHOWN|1<<CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE|1<<CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH|1<<CAP_FOWNER|1<<CAP_FSETID|1<<CAP_KILL|1<<CAP_SETGID|1<<CAP_SETUID|1<<CAP_SETPCAP|1<<CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE|1<<CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE|1<<CAP_NET_BROADCAST|1<<CAP_NET_ADMIN|1<<CAP_NET_RAW|1<<CAP_IPC_LOCK|1<<CAP_IPC_OWNER|1<<CAP_SYS_MODULE|1<<CAP_SYS_RAWIO|1<<CAP_SYS_CHROOT|1<<CAP_SYS_PTRACE|1<<CAP_SYS_PACCT|1<<CAP_SYS_ADMIN|1<<CAP_SYS_BOOT|1<<CAP_SYS_NICE|1<<CAP_SYS_RESOURCE|1<<CAP_SYS_TIME|1<<CAP_SYS_TTY_CONFIG|1<<CAP_MKNOD|1<<CAP_LEASE|1<<CAP_AUDIT_WRITE|1<<CAP_AUDIT_CONTROL|1<<CAP_SETFCAP|1<<CAP_MAC_OVERRIDE|1<<CAP_MAC_ADMIN|1<<CAP_SYSLOG|1<<CAP_WAKE_ALARM|1<<CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND|1<<CAP_AUDIT_READ, inheritable=0}) = 0
[pid 20903] openat(AT_FDCWD, "/dev/net/tun", O_RDWR) = 8
[pid 20903] ioctl(8, TUNSETIFF, 0x7ffd00db8bc0) = -1 EPERM (Operation not permitted)

The process 20903 is the one who needs to get permissions (for the ioctl), so the 'inheritable=0' does not look like a prob to me. I found out that by setting capabilities via pam_cap, the inheritable mask is filled (also?). So another try, with the capabilities set by pam_cap resulted in:

capset({version=_LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION_3, pid=0}, {effective=1<<CAP_CHOWN|1<<CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE|1<<CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH|1<<CAP_FOWNER|1<<CAP_FSETID|1<<CAP_KILL|1<<CAP_SETGID|1<<CAP_SETUID|1<<CAP_SETPCAP|1<<CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE|1<<CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE|1<<CAP_NET_BROADCAST|1<<CAP_NET_ADMIN|1<<CAP_NET_RAW|1<<CAP_IPC_LOCK|1<<CAP_IPC_OWNER|1<<CAP_SYS_MODULE|1<<CAP_SYS_RAWIO|1<<CAP_SYS_CHROOT|1<<CAP_SYS_PTRACE|1<<CAP_SYS_PACCT|1<<CAP_SYS_ADMIN|1<<CAP_SYS_BOOT|1<<CAP_SYS_NICE|1<<CAP_SYS_RESOURCE|1<<CAP_SYS_TIME|1<<CAP_SYS_TTY_CONFIG|1<<CAP_MKNOD|1<<CAP_LEASE|1<<CAP_AUDIT_WRITE|1<<CAP_AUDIT_CONTROL|1<<CAP_SETFCAP|1<<CAP_MAC_OVERRIDE|1<<CAP_MAC_ADMIN|1<<CAP_SYSLOG|1<<CAP_WAKE_ALARM|1<<CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND|1<<CAP_AUDIT_READ, permitted=1<<CAP_CHOWN|1<<CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE|1<<CAP_DAC_READ_SEARCH|1<<CAP_FOWNER|1<<CAP_FSETID|1<<CAP_KILL|1<<CAP_SETGID|1<<CAP_SETUID|1<<CAP_SETPCAP|1<<CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE|1<<CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE|1<<CAP_NET_BROADCAST|1<<CAP_NET_ADMIN|1<<CAP_NET_RAW|1<<CAP_IPC_LOCK|1<<CAP_IPC_OWNER|1<<CAP_SYS_MODULE|1<<CAP_SYS_RAWIO|1<<CAP_SYS_CHROOT|1<<CAP_SYS_PTRACE|1<<CAP_SYS_PACCT|1<<CAP_SYS_ADMIN|1<<CAP_SYS_BOOT|1<<CAP_SYS_NICE|1<<CAP_SYS_RESOURCE|1<<CAP_SYS_TIME|1<<CAP_SYS_TTY_CONFIG|1<<CAP_MKNOD|1<<CAP_LEASE|1<<CAP_AUDIT_WRITE|1<<CAP_AUDIT_CONTROL|1<<CAP_SETFCAP|1<<CAP_MAC_OVERRIDE|1<<CAP_MAC_ADMIN|1<<CAP_SYSLOG|1<<CAP_WAKE_ALARM|1<<CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND|1<<CAP_AUDIT_READ, inheritable=1<<CAP_SETPCAP|1<<CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE|1<<CAP_NET_BROADCAST|1<<CAP_NET_ADMIN|1<<CAP_NET_RAW|1<<CAP_SYS_ADMIN|1<<CAP_MKNOD}) = 0

...but otherwise identical result (operation not permitted). (btw user has rw-permissions on /dev/net/tun)

Any idea what's going wrong here, or where i'm wrong or how to make this work?

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