I have a shell script which does couple of things like storing values in a variable. As an example here is my script:

for i in ../../*.bam
        fn=$(basename $i)

        bamToBed -i $i | awk -v OFS="\t" '{if($6 ~ /+/){print $1,$2+67,$2+67+1,$4,$5,$6}else{print $1,$3-67-1,$3-67,$4,$5,$6}}' | awk -v OFS="\t" '$3 > 0' > ${fn}_pos.bed

        sortBed -g $genome -i ${fn}_pos.bed > ${fn}_n_pos.bed

        mv ${fn}_n_pos.bed ${fn}_pos.bed

        perl counter.pl ${fn}_pos.bed | sortBed -g $genome -i stdin | intersectBed -g $genome -sorted -a <(cat $genome | awk -v OFS="\t" '{print $1,"0",$2}') -b stdin -wa -wb | cut -f 4-7 > ${fn}.bedGraph

        bedGraphToBigWig ${fn}.bedGraph $genome ${fn}.bw

        a=`samtools view $i | wc -l`

        intersectBed -g $genome -sorted -c -a <(cat test.bed | awk -v OFS="\t" '{print $1,$2-50,$2+400,$4,$5,$6}') -b ${fn}_pos.bed | cut -f 4,7 | awk -v OFS="\t" '{print $1,$2,$a}'> ${fn}_IP_count.txt

        cat ${fn}_IP_count.txt | awk -v OFS="\t" '{print $1,$2,$a}' > final.txt

As you can see this line in the code where I have declared a variable a. This stores a number. Then I created a 2 column text file, tab delimited ${fn}_IP_count.txt I want to add a third column in this file where the third column is the value stored in the variable a to every line. As an example,2 column file looks like this:

gene1   200
gene2   23
gene3   45
gene4   10

Let's say the value stored in the variable a is 245676, then I want the output to be stored in the third column like this

gene1   200 245676
gene2   23  245676
gene3   45  245676
gene4   10  245676

I tried it using awk but I am not getting the right answer. Any help would be appreciated.


You pass other variables in the same way as you are passing OFS, using -v


awk -v OFS="\t" -v a="$a" '{print $1,$2,a}'
  • works pretty neatly. I tried this and this worked too awk -v OFS="\t" '{print $1,$2,"'$a'"}' – user3138373 Sep 11 at 16:10
  • 1
    @user3138373 Note that the code that you propose contains a code injection vulnerability. Take for example a='"; print "hi" >"newfile'. Running your code would create the file newfile with the string hi in it. – Kusalananda Sep 11 at 16:47

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