I have a program a.out running from /tmp/test. If I list /proc/$(pgrep a.out)/cwd, it is a symbolic link to /tmp/test.

Now, I bind /mnt/othertest onto /tmp/test with mount -o bind /mnt/othertest /tmp/test. Thus, this new mount is stacked and old /tmp/test is hidden.

Still, since a.out was launched before mount command, it has access to the old path.

The problem I want to tackle is how to know if a process with cwd set to /tmp/test refers to the directory from /mnt/othertest or not.

For opened files, it is easy, I can use fdinfo from proc pseudo-filesyste and read the mount id, but I did not find such information for cwd. I could check the start time of the process and compare it with the time when mount was launched, but because of possible forks it could be wrong.

  • Related, if not a dupe: Determine what device a directory is located on – Kusalananda Aug 26 '19 at 20:39
  • Also possibly interesting (unless I'm misunderstanding the question): How to get mount point of filesystem containing given file – Kusalananda Aug 26 '19 at 20:39
  • @Kusalananda It is not related since my directory is hidden by the stack from the new mount. And I want to know if it refers to the old device or not. – rools Aug 26 '19 at 20:43
  • Does a process have the old directory as its current directory? In that case, the current directory refers to the hidden directory. Can't test this as I don't have a Unix with bind mounts available ATM. – Kusalananda Aug 26 '19 at 20:48
  • Yes, since the process is run before the mount command. I took a bind mount as example but it is the same for old kindd of mounts (can be a loop mount with an img file created with dd). – rools Aug 26 '19 at 20:53

Call stat(2) on /proc/PID/cwd and on the other directory and compare them by the device:inode tuple.

Example (notice that unless given the -L switch, the stat(1) utility will perform a lstat(2) system call instead of a stat(2)):

$ mkdir -p /tmp/foo /tmp/bar /tmp/baz
$ cd /tmp/foo
$ echo $$

# mount -B /tmp/bar /tmp/foo
# stat -Lc %d:%i /proc/20890/cwd

# stat -Lc %d:%i "$(readlink /proc/20890/cwd)" /tmp/foo /tmp/bar

# umount /tmp/foo
# stat -Lc %d:%i /tmp/foo

Just like the files under /proc/PID/fd, /proc/PID/cwd is not a real symlink -- an open(2), stat(2), etc. will not follow its target, but act directly on the actual object it refers to.

  • Nice! I did not even think about stat since ls was giving me the info. Thanks to the deferencing from stat and thank you. – rools Aug 27 '19 at 6:19

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