I'm on Kali Linux with VERSION_ID="2019.3"

uname -a
Linux kali 4.19.0-kali5-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.19.37-6kali1 (2019-07-22) x86_64 GNU/LINUX

Trying to execute adjust_timezone.sh placed in /usr/local/startup_scripts/

echo "Adjusting timezone...";   
ntpdate in.pool.ntp.org;  

The output of which ntpdate


I tried using the full path in the script too, no success.

The content of /etc/crontab

@reboot /usr/local/startup_scripts/adjust_timezone.sh

Added the same using crontab -e too

@reboot /usr/local/startup_scripts/adjust_timezone.sh  

I tried using @reboot : /usr/local/startup_scripts/adjust_timezone.sh too with no success.
I modified the script adding 2>&1 >> log.txt but the log is empty, i think the script is never executing.

Where I'm wrong? Any advice?

As suggested the logging format was wrong, i changed it in >> /log.txt 2>&1 and here's the result :

/usr/local/startup_scripts/adjust_timezone.sh: 3: ntpdate: not found
Error resolving in.pool.ntp.org: Name or service not known (-2)
20 Aug 15:14:37 ntpdate[612]: Can't find host in.pool.ntp.org: Name or service not known (-2)
20 Aug 15:14:37 ntpdate[612]: no servers can be used, exiting
  • What happens if you run /usr/sbin/ntpdate in.pool.ntp.org directly? Same question, but for /usr/local/startup_scripts/adjust_timezone.sh? – roaima Aug 20 '19 at 16:42
  • 3
    Your 2>&1 >>log.txt is wrong. Try >>/tmp/log.txt 2>&1 (the order is important). – roaima Aug 20 '19 at 16:44
  • Is the script executable? – Kusalananda Aug 20 '19 at 16:59
  • Running /usr/sbin/ntpdate in.pool.ntp.org i get the desired behavior, same result adding /bin/sh before. Yes you're right the log format is incorrect, and yes I made the script executable using chmod +x ... – Roberto Manfreda Aug 20 '19 at 17:10
  • 2
    Ah. Your ntpdate is running before your network's up. – roaima Aug 20 '19 at 17:24

Your ntpdate is running before the network is up and functional.

A better solution might be to use the systemd time synchronisation module rather than creating your own. Or install ntpd and let it manage your system's time.

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