I have same issue on kali and mint.
I installed extention box and virtualbox guest additions.
sudo groupadd vboxusers
Add my username on it :
sudo usermod -aG vboxusers myUserName
ejected usb device from the host os.
enabled usb controller. tried all of 3.
However i still cannot use usb device on my linux machine. it sees all the connected usb devices but fails to attach it.