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Question

Hello all!

Please pardon the fact that this is probably a very simple problem with a simple answer. I'm having some difficulty booting into a USB key I bootstrapped and configured Arch onto. I am using a 128GB Samsung Fit 3.1 USB-A key, in case it matters.

Synopsis: I used Etcher to write the (shasum-checked) Arch ISO onto a random USB key. I booted into the LiveUSB and plugged in my Samsung 3.1 key. I properly formatted the USB key for GPT/UEFI booting. I bootstrapped Arch onto the key, configured it, installed GRUB2 into the ESP, configured GRUB2, and blessed it from MacOS. When I reboot, my Arch USB key does not appear in the bar. My Mac happily booted up the Arch LiveUSB I made, plus many more distros' LiveUSBs I made, proving that it is configured to allow USB booting. So, why cannot I not see my Arch system, what am I missing?

Thank you in advance.





Full Log

If you would like a more specific log of what I did to get to these steps, here they are in full:

Download the ISO

Download ISO from mirror or torrent it using the links provided by https://www.archlinux.org/download.

Check shasum using $ openssl sha1 path/to/arch.iso Use Etcher to write that to the USB key Restart your computer and boot into the installer (LiveUSB)

Format the USB key's partitions

# fdisk -l in this example, we assume our USB key is called sdd

# parted /dev/sdd
. mktable gpt
. mkpart primary fat32 1MiB 261MiB
. set 1 esp on
. mkpart primary ext4 261MiB 100%
. name 1 ‘the-efi-partition’
. name 2 ‘archenemy-beta’
. quit

# parted /dev/sdd print All good here.

# mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdd2

# mkfs.fat -F32 /dev/sdd1

Configure the internet

Plug in an ethernet cable # ping archlinux.org. All looking good.

Boostrap Arch

# mount /dev/sdd2 /mnt

# mkdir /mnt/efi

# mount /dev/sdd1 /mnt/efi

# vi /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist Mess with the order to prioritise some geographically closer mirrors.

# pacstrap /mnt base base-devel

Configure Arch

# genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab

# arch-chroot /mnt

[]# ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/America/Los_Angeles /etc/localtime

[]# hwclock --systohc

[]# vi /etc/locale.gen

[]# locale-gen

[]# locale -a All good here.

[]# echo “LANG=en_US.UTF-8” > /etc/locale.conf

[]# echo “KEYMAP=us” > /etc/vconsole.conf

[]# echo “archenemy-beta” > /etc/hostname

[]# vi /etc/hosts write the following:

127.0.0.1   localhost
::1     localhost
127.0.1.1   archenemy-beta.localdomain      archenemy-beta

[]# passwd

Install & Configure GRUB2

[]# pacman -S grub efibootmgr

[]# mkdir /boot/grub

[]# grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/efi --bootloader-id=GRUB

[]# grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

[]# exit

# umount -R /mnt

Bless the EFI Partition

Boot into MacOS

$ diskutil list for this example we will assume it as disk2

$ mkdir ~/efi

$ sudo mount -w -t msdos /dev/disk2s1 ~/efi

$ bless --folder ~/efi/EFI/GRUB --file ~/efi/EFI/GRUB/grubx64.efi

$ diskutil eject disk2

$ rm -rf ~/efi

1

I realised what the problem was... I hadn't seen the page for USB installation so I hadn't done some important steps...

In /etc/mkinitcpio.conf move the block and keyboard hooks before the autodetect hook and re-create the initial ramdisk with mkinitcpio -p linux.

When installing GRUB, i forgot to add --removable which I think was the really important step. Sorry for wasting your time!

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