Is there a longer type variable for building lengthy sql statements? how add new line too? I want to store the statement in a very long variable text so I can run it from sql prompt. I think it will exceed limit if I use normal variable. thanks

    export DATABASE_LIST="/location/dblist.cfg"
    export SQL_INSERT_TEXT=""

    while read -r USERID ORACLE_SID2

    ### how do I do this if too long?? and add new line
    SQL_INSERT_TEXT="${SQL_INSERT_TEXT} longgSqlStatements; \newline"

    done < <(tac $DATABASE_LIST)

    echo ${SQL_INSERT_TEXT}

    export sqllog = "/location/sqllog.log"
    $ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus -S accnt_name@db_name << EOF >${sqllog}
  • 1
    You don't seem to use USERID nor ORACLE_SID2 in your loop. Are these variables needed at all? Why don't you just pipe the output of tac directly into sqlplus (possibly with an awk preprocessing stage in-between)? – Kusalananda May 9 '19 at 18:16
  • @Kusalananda I'm not sure how I will awk it because I need loop to generate sql, also USERID and ORACLE_SID2 are used within the long sql statement – aymanzone May 9 '19 at 18:25
  • It looks like you are trying to append longgSqlStatements; \n to the end of a here document. Is that correct? – ctrl-alt-delor May 9 '19 at 18:47

Linux shells generally don't have any variable types. There are just strings, and the maximum length of a string can be had by running getconf ARG_MAX; on my system the maximum string is about 2M chars long.

Try using bash's builtin printf -v to conveniently load a variable with new lines, like this:

printf -v s "%s\n" hello there, this works "with quotes" too\.
echo "$s"


with quotes

So the syntax might be something like:

printf -v SQL_INSERT_TEXT '%s\n' "${SQL_INSERT_TEXT}" "longgSqlStatements;"

Or, depending on what's needed, perhaps:

printf -v SQL_INSERT_TEXT '%s\n' "${SQL_INSERT_TEXT} longgSqlStatements;"
  • thanks @agc that helps a lot. cheers – aymanzone May 10 '19 at 16:30

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