I'm trying to make Linux include special characters when sorting filenames. The sort order I'm trying to achieve is: first all special characters, then numbers, then letters (case insensitive).
The default sort in Linux completely ignores special characters (see the first column "ls-before" in the examples).
One suggestion I found was to use
LC_ALL=C. This indeed considers special characters, but they are sorted in strange ways: some are sorted before numbers, some between numbers and capital letters, and underscore is placed between capital and small letters. And all capital letters come before all small letters. Also not what I want
(second column in examples).
I've tried editing
/usr/share/i18n/locales/iso14651_t1_common: changed the lines with special characters from
<U005F> IGNORE;IGNORE;IGNORE;<U005F> # 33 _
<U005F> <RES-1>;IGNORE;IGNORE;<U005F> # 33 _
Then I recompiled the locale (en_GB) with
sudo localedef -i en_GB -f UTF-8 -vc en_GB (I didn't change the locale itself)
Sorting files now does include special characters and they all appear before the numbers (which is what I want), but the special characters seem to be used merely for grouping, not for sorting (see column "ls-after" in the examples). Sorting seems to be based on the character following the special character. Sorting on the special character should produce a result more akin to the column "desired".
ls-before LC_COLLATE=C caja nemo ls-after desired ----------- ------------ ----- ----- -------- ------- 1 %b 1 1 =a =a 11 1 2 2 _a =b 111 11 3 3 =b _a 2 111 11 11 _b _b 3 2 111 111 %b %b a 3 =a a 1 .. =a =a _a =a 11 .. _a =b =b _a 111 .. A A _b A 2 .. aa AA %b aa 3 .. AA AB a AA a .. ab Ab A ab A .. a_b B a_b a_b a_b a_b a-b BB a-b a-b a-b a_c a#b _a a#b a#b a#b a_C a%b _b a%b a%b a%b a-b aB a a_c aB a_c a-c Ab a#b a-c Ab a-c a#c AB a%b a_C AB a_C a&c ac a-b aa ac aa .. a_c a-c AA a_c AA .. a-c aB ab a-c ab .. a_C a_C aB a_C aB .. b a_b Ab b Ab .. =b a_c AB =b AB .. _b aa ac _b ac .. %b ab b %b b .. B ac B B B .. bb b bb bb bb .. BB bb BB BB BB ..
Does anyone have an idea on how to truly sort the special characters instead of just grouping them?
On a sidenote, I would have liked all applications to follow the new sorting, but it looks like every application has its own rules for sorting files (see columns "caja" and "nemo"). Is there a way to force every application to follow the same sorting, or is sorting hard coded in the applications? My alternations in
iso14651_t1_common had no effect on the sorting in Nemo, but made Caja behave like Nemo.
Using Linux mint 18.3 mate. Not sure if this is important, but I'm using a dual boot system with my data on an NTFS drive, so any solution should work on NTFS as well.