I'd like to repeat the row n times with a separator in-line (i.e. not generate extra rows). E.g. for the file example.csv with two rows


The result for n=3 and comma as a separator would be


I tried it with a paste command for n=2:

paste -d, example.csv example.csv

However, the EOLs are pasted too:

  • Are those literal \r\n? i.e. four literal characters? – Sparhawk Apr 15 at 8:27
  • @Sparhawk I meant "\r\n" as end-of-line, not literal characters – Max Li Apr 15 at 8:28
  • For me, your paste command works well. You might have an issue due to \r\n being Windows line endings. Run dos2unix example.csv example_unix.csv and then paste -d, example_unix.csv example_unix.csv – pLumo Apr 15 at 8:34
  • @RoVo ... and n times? – Max Li Apr 15 at 8:46
  • So in the final code block, are you using a combination of interpreted newlines and literal newlines? Hence my confusion. – Sparhawk Apr 15 at 8:47

After you fixed your line endings with

dos2unix example.csv

You can use printf to repeat the filename n times.

paste -d, $(printf 'example.csv %.0s' {1..10})

or if $n is a variable use seq instead of brace expansion:

paste -d, $(printf 'example.csv %.0s' $(seq 1 $n))



Assuming that there is no requirement to keep line ends as is and it can be converted to unix style do that as first step:

dos2unix file

For second step use awk:

awk '{for(i=1;i<=3;i++){if(i>1)printf ",";printf $0};printf "\n"}'

awk will in cycle construct the string putting there as many repetitions as you specify in i<=3 part.

if is required to ensure that you have , only between repetitions.

end result will be unix-style output. you might convert it back to dos if you need with unix2dos.

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