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I have a work laptop on which I've installed Debian Buster. The laptop comes with an nVidia GeForce MX130 3D renderer.

This is not a VGA adapter; it only does 3D. I've installed the nvidia GL libraries:

wouter@pc181009:~$ dpkg -l|grep nvidia
ii  glx-alternative-nvidia                  0.9.1                                amd64        allows the selection of NVIDIA as GLX provider
ii  libegl-nvidia0:amd64                    410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary EGL library
ii  libegl-nvidia0:i386                     410.104-1                            i386         NVIDIA binary EGL library
ii  libgl1-nvidia-glvnd-glx:amd64           410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary OpenGL/GLX library (GLVND variant)
ii  libgl1-nvidia-glvnd-glx:i386            410.104-1                            i386         NVIDIA binary OpenGL/GLX library (GLVND variant)
ii  libgles-nvidia1:amd64                   410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary OpenGL|ES 1.x library
ii  libgles-nvidia1:i386                    410.104-1                            i386         NVIDIA binary OpenGL|ES 1.x library
ii  libgles-nvidia2:amd64                   410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary OpenGL|ES 2.x library
ii  libgles-nvidia2:i386                    410.104-1                            i386         NVIDIA binary OpenGL|ES 2.x library
ii  libglx-nvidia0:amd64                    410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary GLX library
ii  libglx-nvidia0:i386                     410.104-1                            i386         NVIDIA binary GLX library
ii  libnvidia-cbl:amd64                     410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary Vulkan ray tracing (cbl) library
ii  libnvidia-cfg1:amd64                    410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary OpenGL/GLX configuration library
ii  libnvidia-eglcore:amd64                 410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary EGL core libraries
ii  libnvidia-eglcore:i386                  410.104-1                            i386         NVIDIA binary EGL core libraries
ii  libnvidia-fatbinaryloader:amd64         410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA FAT binary loader
ii  libnvidia-glcore:amd64                  410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary OpenGL/GLX core libraries
ii  libnvidia-glcore:i386                   410.104-1                            i386         NVIDIA binary OpenGL/GLX core libraries
ii  libnvidia-glvkspirv:amd64               410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary Vulkan Spir-V compiler library
ii  libnvidia-glvkspirv:i386                410.104-1                            i386         NVIDIA binary Vulkan Spir-V compiler library
ii  libnvidia-ml1:amd64                     410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA Management Library (NVML) runtime library
ii  libnvidia-ptxjitcompiler1:amd64         410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA PTX JIT Compiler
ii  libnvidia-rtcore:amd64                  410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary Vulkan ray tracing (rtcore) library
ii  nvidia-alternative                      410.104-1                            amd64        allows the selection of NVIDIA as GLX provider
ii  nvidia-driver                           410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA metapackage
ii  nvidia-driver-bin                       410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA driver support binaries
ii  nvidia-driver-libs:amd64                410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA metapackage (OpenGL/GLX/EGL/GLES libraries)
ii  nvidia-driver-libs:i386                 410.104-1                            i386         NVIDIA metapackage (OpenGL/GLX/EGL/GLES libraries)
ii  nvidia-driver-libs-i386:i386            410.104-1                            i386         NVIDIA metapackage (OpenGL/GLX/EGL/GLES 32-bit libraries)
ii  nvidia-egl-common                       410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary EGL driver - common files
ii  nvidia-egl-icd:amd64                    410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA EGL installable client driver (ICD)
ii  nvidia-egl-icd:i386                     410.104-1                            i386         NVIDIA EGL installable client driver (ICD)
ii  nvidia-installer-cleanup                20151021+9                           amd64        cleanup after driver installation with the nvidia-installer
ii  nvidia-kernel-common                    20151021+9                           amd64        NVIDIA binary kernel module support files
ii  nvidia-kernel-dkms                      410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary kernel module DKMS source
ii  nvidia-kernel-support                   410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary kernel module support files
ii  nvidia-legacy-check                     410.104-1                            amd64        check for NVIDIA GPUs requiring a legacy driver
ii  nvidia-modprobe                         410.93-1                             amd64        utility to load NVIDIA kernel modules and create device nodes
ii  nvidia-persistenced                     410.93-1                             amd64        daemon to maintain persistent software state in the NVIDIA driver
ii  nvidia-settings                         410.104-1                            amd64        tool for configuring the NVIDIA graphics driver
ii  nvidia-support                          20151021+9                           amd64        NVIDIA binary graphics driver support files
ii  nvidia-vdpau-driver:amd64               410.104-1                            amd64        Video Decode and Presentation API for Unix - NVIDIA driver
ii  nvidia-vulkan-common                    410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA Vulkan driver - common files
ii  nvidia-vulkan-icd:amd64                 410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA Vulkan installable client driver (ICD)
ii  nvidia-vulkan-icd:i386                  410.104-1                            i386         NVIDIA Vulkan installable client driver (ICD)
ii  xserver-xorg-video-nvidia               410.104-1                            amd64        NVIDIA binary Xorg driver

Also, "update-glx --config glx" is set to use the nVidia drivers:

wouter@pc181009:~$ sudo LC_ALL=C update-glx --config glx
There are 3 choices for the alternative glx (providing /usr/lib/glx).

  Selection    Path                       Priority   Status
------------------------------------------------------------
* 0            /usr/lib/nvidia             100       auto mode
  1            /usr/lib/mesa-diverted      5         manual mode
  2            /usr/lib/nvidia             100       manual mode
  3            /usr/lib/nvidia/bumblebee   95        manual mode

Press <enter> to keep the current choice[*], or type selection number: 

yet, when I run "glxinfo", I see that the renderer is still using the Intel iGPU with the mesa library. Additionally, nvidia-settings just fails:

wouter@pc181009:~$ nvidia-settings -V

WARNING: NV-CONTROL extension not found on this Display.


ERROR: Unable to load info from any available system

What should I do to make the GL system use the nvidia GPU?

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