If I am listening on
:::80, is it listening on all ipv6 or all ipv6+ipv4?
This is my
tcp 0 0 :::8080 :::*
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A listening socket that is bound to
::, i.e. any address IPv6 address (
INADDR6_ANY), may or may not also listen to connections using IPv4. This depends from several things:
IPV6_V6ONLYsocket option is set on the listening socket (by the program that created the socket). Linux-based operating systems and FreeBSD are examples of such operating systems.
The default behavior if the option is not explicitly set by a program is OS dependent. On Linux-based operating systems, for example, you can change this default by writing 0 or 1 to
On some operating systems, the output of
netstat will tell you whether the socket is dual-stack. FreeBSD's
netstat reports dual-stack sockets as
udp46 in the first column of the output, for examples.
Thanks for your answer @Johan Myreen I want to improve this answer with examples.
I am testing the ipv6_only behavior with both values.
cat /proc/sys/net/ipv6/bindv6only 0 nc -6 -l 80 #server started # netstat tcp6 0 0 :::80 :::* LISTEN # nc client nc localhost 80 test # server response nc -6 -l 80 test # from ipv6 now nc ::1 80 test ipv6 # server response nc -6 -l 80 test ipv6
cat /proc/sys/net/ipv6/bindv6only 1 # server started nc -6 -l 80 # connect to ipv4 nc localhost 80 nc: connect to localhost port 80 (tcp) failed: Connection refused # connect to ipv6 nc ::1 80 test ipv6 # server respose nc -6 -l 80 test ipv6
from above results we can see that value of /proc/sys/net/ipv6/bindv6only deciding the behaviour of ipv6 only or ipv6+ipv4