When i ran
head file.txt && nl file.txt it did each command in order of occurance (which makes sense). Is it possible to have the head display with numbered lines, so that this:
word word word
would become this:
1 word 2 word 3 word
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head file.txt | nl
| creates a pipeline that takes the output of
head file.txt and gives it to
nl as its "standard" input. Bare
nl without a file name will read its standard input and number it, so you get the output of
head numbered as you wanted.
Without a pipe providing input, just
would read input from the terminal that you typed. The pipe is a way of providing that data as though you'd typed it in like that.
You can pipe from any command that prints its output, and pipe to any command that reads from the terminal like that, and even pipe several things together:
head -n 50 file.txt | nl | tail -n 20
will give you numbered lines 31-50 from the file.