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I use the following awk line in order to capture the remote machine that using the port 2181

netstat -nape | awk '{if ($4 == "43.64.56.36:2181") print $4, $5 ,$6 ,$9;}'
43.64.56.36:2181 43.64.56.60:40151 ESTABLISHED 9027/java

but when I use parameter - a that represented the ip address value in the awk seems that a parameter not get the real ip address

 netstat -nape | awk -v a="43.64.56.36"  '{if ($4 == a:2181) print $4, $5 ,$6 ,$9;}'

no output

when I am wrong here ?

  • 2
    Are you sure it's the correct command? $4 == a:2181 will be syntax error. You want to use $4 == a":2181" – cuonglm Jan 17 at 15:06
  • what I mean is that we want a contain the ip = 43.64.56.36 – yael Jan 17 at 15:07
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Your command should have given you a syntax error.

With GNU awk:

awk: cmd. line:1: {if ($4 == a:2181) print $4, $5 ,$6 ,$9;}
awk: cmd. line:1:             ^ syntax error

With BSD awk:

awk: syntax error at source line 1
 context is
        {if ($4 == >>>  a: <<<
awk: illegal statement at source line 1

With mawk:

mawk: line 1: syntax error at or near :

All of these are pointing to the syntax error at a:2181.

You are correctly setting the awk variable a to a string containing your IP number, but if you want to concatenate its value with :2181 to form a new string you would have to use :2181 as a string: a ":2181"

You should also consider using the idiomatic way of matching against the input and performing an action rather than using explicit if statements:

awk -a="42.54.56.36" '$4 == a ":2181" { print $4, $5, $6, $9 }'

Note that there is no need to end a statement with a ; in awk if there is no further statements on the same line.

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we solved it by the following syntax

netstat -nape | awk -v a="43.64.56.36"  '{if ($4 == a":2181") print $4, $5 ,$6 ,$9;}'

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