I ran dnscrypt-proxy or tor on Linux listning on [::]:1053 to server DNS. I wanted to make all my Linux host's DNS queries transparently use that proxy.

This is what I found from Internet how we transparent proxy UDP traffic:

iptables -t nat -I OUTPUT -p udp --dport 53 -j REDIRECT--to-ports 1053


iptables -t nat -I OUTPUT -p udp --dport 53 -j DNAT --to

(-j REDIRECT is equal to -j DNAT --to

Didn't work. My browser can't open URLs, and nslookup and dig say:

;; reply from unexpected source:, expected

( is in my /etc/resolv.conf)

I saw on wireshark that the reply packet from DNS proxy wasn't SNATed, but it should be SNATed.

And this is conntrack -E:

[NEW] udp      17 30 src= dst= sport=35954 dport=35954 [UNREPLIED] src= dst= sport=35954 dport=35954
[NEW] udp      17 30 src=::1 dst=::1 sport=59799 dport=59799 [UNREPLIED] src=::1 dst=::1 sport=59799 dport=59799
[NEW] udp      17 30 src= dst= sport=34825 dport=53 [UNREPLIED] src= dst= sport=1053 dport=34825
[NEW] udp      17 30 src= dst= sport=1053 dport=34825 [UNREPLIED] src= dst= sport=34825 dport=1053

But then strangely, if I make proxy listen on instead of [::], it works. I saw on wireshark the reply packet correctly SNATed. And dig and nslookup can get reply from transparent DNS proxy.

This is conntract -E when proxy listen on

   [NEW] udp      17 30 src= dst= sport=58584 dport=58584 [UNREPLIED] src= dst= sport=58584 dport=58584
   [NEW] udp      17 30 src=::1 dst=::1 sport=39482 dport=39482 [UNREPLIED] src=::1 dst=::1 sport=39482 dport=39482
   [NEW] udp      17 30 src= dst= sport=38165 dport=53 [UNREPLIED] src= dst= sport=1053 dport=38165
[UPDATE] udp      17 30 src= dst= sport=38165 dport=53 src= dst= sport=1053 dport=38165

While TCP doesn't encounter such issue (dnscrypt-proxy also serves TCP). TCP reply packet always correctly SNATed.

So what is going on? Am I doing something wrong with UDP NAT? I want DNS proxy listen on or [::] and transparently proxy my Linux host's DNS queries.

  • Of you get that error back it is not transparent per se. – Rui F Ribeiro Jan 7 at 6:52
  • Found a similar question not solved – garywill Jan 9 at 3:28
  • your OUTPUT rule needs exceptions, else you're redirecting your transparent DNS proxy over itself when it does queries itself. – A.B Jan 17 at 1:52
  • @A.B yeah, thanks for tip. However dnscrypt-proxy doesn't have to connect to port 53 to query. – garywill Jan 18 at 5:41
  • meanwhile I realize this is similar the question I answered later: Redirect all outgoing DNS queries to local stub resolver at My explanation about UDP stands the same. Whatever the behaviour adapt to it and SNAT the flow. – A.B Jun 3 at 17:53

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