I have one big folder with many file types in it (e.g .txt, .sh). It's about 40Gb. I would like to split it into four parts of 10Gb each. How can I achieve this?

closed as unclear what you're asking by Jeff Schaller, Mr Shunz, RalfFriedl, roaima, GAD3R Dec 21 '18 at 12:20

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  • 7
    Any try so far? – Kevin Lemaire Dec 20 '18 at 13:33
  • I don't suppose you have any individual files larger than 10 Gb? – Jeff Schaller Dec 20 '18 at 13:37
  • take a look at split command maybe ? – Pierre-Alain TORET Dec 20 '18 at 13:51
  • 1
    Do you need to access the files, or is it for archiving? One could use multi volume archive format. – Kusalananda Dec 20 '18 at 14:11
  • Why is this closed? It's perfectly clear what they're asking. – Mzzl Mar 18 at 17:28

Without trying to solve the bin packing problem, you could use a script like this:

sizelimit=${2:-1000} # in MB                                                    
du -s --block-size=1M "$directory"/* | while read -r size file                  
  if ((sizesofar + size > sizelimit))                                           
    (( dircount++ ))                                                            
  (( sizesofar += size ))                                                       
  mkdir -p -- "$directory/sub_$dircount"                                           
  mv -- "$file" "$directory/sub_$dircount"                                           
  • If the files are small it might be better to use kb or byte resolution but besides that +1 for the script and mentioning the optimization problem. – eckes Dec 20 '18 at 21:42

If it is a single 10GB file, you can try

split -b 4000000000 filename
  • 4
    Note, the user does not want to split the files themselves, but to distribute them evenly between subfolders. – Kusalananda Dec 20 '18 at 14:03
  • 3
    ... I think.... – Kusalananda Dec 20 '18 at 14:11
  • 2
    Not sure, myself, but the title does go in the direction of directories: "split a large folder into smaller folders of equal size". – Jeff Schaller Dec 20 '18 at 14:21

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