A X server is a server because it serves a display and input devices to applications.
lxterminal connect to that X server to request some service. For instance:
- Please draw a Window of that shape and size
- Please tell me what key the user presses and releases
They connect to the X server over a UNIX domain or ABSTRACT or TCP socket.
Similarly, the terminal emulator could be considered as a server for terminal applications.
echo test > /dev/pts/12, the
echo application can be seen as connecting to the terminal emulator (by way of a pseudo-terminal instead of a network socket, though here the connection is done by the shell redirection, not
echo) and requesting a service: please display test and move the cursor down.
Now, some terminal emulators including gnome-terminal and lxterminal have that (annoying IMO) feature where on first invocation they start a daemon process that handles future requests to open new terminal window.
Later invocations of those connect to that server (using that
/run/user/1000/.lxterminal-socket-:0 UNIX domain socket in your case) to request a new terminal window, presumably to save resources or so that some information can be shared between terminal windows.
When you do:
cd /tmp && lxterminal -e vim
While there's already a
lxterminal running, that second invocation just tells the
lxterminal server to run
vim in a new window with the current directory changed to
rxvt for terminal emulators that work in a more conventional way.
You can actually do that same with:
printf '%s\0' /tmp lxterminal -e vim |
socat -u - 'unix-connect:"/run/user/1000/.lxterminal-socket-:0"'
I find it annoying because that means only the first invocation inherits the environment (environment in the global sense, including
cwd, env vars...) of the caller, later invocations only get the cwd.
More on that in @JdeBP's fine answer at lxterminal in the netstat output