I've been running fail2ban for a bit, and recently installed iptables-persistent and am using it with ipset for a blacklist (there's one particular IP that is always hammering away at this machine). The ipset/iptables persistency was a bit of work on Ubuntu, but that part seems to be working. My issue is now the following:

When I reboot the machine, my (relevant portion) iptables looks like this:

Chain INPUT (policy ACCEPT 682 packets, 84744 bytes)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination
  347 23254 f2b-sshd   tcp  --  *      *              multiport dports 22
    0     0 DROP       all  --  *      *              match-set blacklist src
  347 23254 f2b-sshd   tcp  --  *      *              multiport dports 22

Chain f2b-sshd (2 references)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination
  694 46508 RETURN     all  --  *      *  
    0     0 RETURN     all  --  *      *  

With this, I noticed also that netfilter-persistent.service was marked as "loaded failed failed" by systemctl even though it clearly loaded the rules files. I tried editing my fail2ban service to load AFTER netfilter-persistent, and now netfilter-persistent is marked as "loaded active exited"...but the rules are still duplicated (apparently f2b creates the rules regardless of whether they already exist)

Manually editing this file each time I run iptables-save to delete the f2b entries is probably an acceptable option (particularly given that the consequences aren't all the grave if I forget to do so), but I'm wondering if there's a better option?

1 Answer 1


One solution has already occurred to me, but it's...a little hackish imo. Create the following file and run it. It relies on the f2b entries--and no others--all having "f2b" in them, and this script being run rather than iptables-save directly...

~/bin£ cat saveFilteredIptables.sh
sudo iptables-save | perl -ne 'print if !/f2b/'

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