I want to show only the numbers and characters, not other specific symbols. I tried this:

grep [0-9,A-Z] ika

but working it is not working now, it shows specific symbols also.

closed as unclear what you're asking by Jeff Schaller, RalfFriedl, Romeo Ninov, G-Man, mosvy Nov 17 at 16:50

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  • the command you show will display lines with any of those characters in it; what's your desired output? Also, be sure to quote that pattern to protect it from the shell, in case you had a file named , or C in your current directory, you wouldn't get what you expect. – Jeff Schaller Nov 16 at 18:46
  • Do you mean numbers and letters? "Symbols" are characters. – jpmc26 Nov 16 at 22:56
up vote 2 down vote accepted

The following examples show how to get what you want:

These commands show the whole line containing the search string.

$ <<< 'asdf$@12' grep as
asdf$@12
$ <<< 'asdf$@12' grep '[0-9A-Z]'
asdf$@12

You can high-light the search string in the line

$ <<< 'asdf$@12' grep --color '[0-9A-Z]'
asdf$@12

You can print only the search string (in this case one-character digits and upper case letters)

$ <<< 'asdf$@12' grep --color -o '[0-9A-Z]'
1
2

If you want all letters, you should search for lower case letters too

$ <<< 'asdf$@12' grep --color -o '[0-9A-Za-z]'
a
s
d
f
1
2
  • Thanks for single quotes, @JeffSchaller :-) – sudodus Nov 16 at 19:03
  • Do you want commas displayed in the result? If no, remove from the pattern resp. regex. – RudiC Nov 16 at 19:05
  • touch C for a quick reason why :) – Jeff Schaller Nov 16 at 19:06
  • Thanks for suggesting to remove the commas, @RudiC :-) – sudodus Nov 16 at 19:12

Try also

<<< 'asdf$@12' tr -cd 'a-zA-Z0-9'
asdf12

or use a character class, like

tr -cd '[:alnum:]'

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