I have restricted shell on Production environment servers in my company, leaving me with handful of command choices.

I am trying to get full path of files/directories using only ls command. I can't use xargs, sed, awk, find in the restricted shell, so I am only left with using options in the ls command.

I have tried below command but this doesn't recurse. I mention this as I came across this command while searching an answer for my problem.

ls -lRt -d -1 $PWD/{*,.*}

Here is the list of ALL the commands available to me in restricted shell. Let me be clear. I can't create any function, I can't use read command.

  • What shell is it? ksh, bash, zsh, dash? – xenoid Oct 22 '18 at 16:01
  • echo $SHELL /usr/SYSADM/bin/rbash – user3112966 Oct 22 '18 at 19:26

The following function will list all files from a directory (/ by default) in depth-first order without using even ls:

        for f in "$1/"* "$1/".[!.]* "$1/"..?*; do
                test -e "$f" && echo "$f"
                test -d "$f" && lsr "$f"


$ lsr .
$ find . -depth

It can be made into a separate script instead of a function:

#! /bin/sh
for f in "$1/"* "$1/".[!.]* "$1/"..?*; do
        test -e "$f" && echo "$f"
        test -d "$f" && "$0" "$f"
  • Thanks mosvy. But as I mentioned in my question, I have restricted shell with approximately 20 Unix commands allowed (e.g., cat, ls, df, du, tail, echo..) . So, I can't create a function or call another shell script. Unfortunately, I am only limited to using ls command and it's options. It is possible, that I may not have any way to fulfill my requirement with the extremely limited options that I have. – user3112966 Oct 20 '18 at 23:35
  • or g=*; while ls -1d $g 2>/dev/null; do g="$g/*"; done – mosvy Oct 21 '18 at 4:23
  • or if you have du: for f in `du`; do ls -ld "$f"/* "$f"/.* 2>/dev/null; done – mosvy Oct 21 '18 at 4:49
  • 2
    Please edit your question with the list of commands you have access to and mention the fact that you can't define functions (you should've done that from the beginning!) – mosvy Oct 21 '18 at 4:56

This command should do it as echo is available.

ls -Rr1 . |  while read line; do case $line in *:) basepath=${line%:};; "") basepath=;; *) echo "$basepath/$line";; esac; done

Can't tell what subset of bash is implemented in rbash. If you are lucky, try

shopt -s globstar ## bash built in 
ls **/* *

(* lists files in the current directory, and **/* lists all files in all subdirectories, at whatever depth).

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