I have this windows 2016 core cmd font, as picture above. I want to know how to use similar font on X11 windowing system — Arch linux.
Do you know what font would give similar appearance?
This font used by Microsoft is called Consolas, and it's not free.
There is a font called Inconsolata which looks a lot like Consolas. Inconsolata is an Open Font License font so you should definitely be able to install it on your GNU/Linux system - the specifics of how to intall it depend on your actual distribution.