If I have to install a package( 64-bit ) I use - zypper install -y MozillaFirefox which is same as zypper install -y MozillaFirefox.x86_64 for a 64 bit machine.

If I use zypper install -y MozillaFirefox.i586 it exits as -

No provider of 'MozillaFirefox.i586' found.

Is there a way to install 32-bit package in a 64-bit machine using zypper.

As in yum I can do yum install firefox.x86_64 and yum install firefox.i686 and both works for me and gets me the package with required architecture.


If you have a repository enabled that contains 32-Bit packages you would be able to install them. Regarding firefox you have to download the 32-Bit package from the mozilla website as openSUSE is 64-Bit only since Leap 42.1 (13.2 was the last 32-Bit release) and so are the official packages. You can view the available architecture of your package by running

leap15:~ # zypper se -s MozillaFirefox
Loading repository data...
Reading installed packages...

S | Name                               | Type       | Version             | Arch   | Repository               
  | MozillaFirefox                     | package    | 60.2.2-lp150.3.23.1 | x86_64 | openSUSE-Leap-15.0-Update

EDIT: To install a different architecture you have to provide it as a capability. An excerpt from zypper man page:

The packages can be selected by their name or by a capability they provide.

  • A capability is formed by "NAME[.'ARCH'][ OP EDITION]", where ARCH is an architecture code [...]

So to install a 32-bit package you would run:

opensuse:~ # zypper in -C MozillaFirefox.i586
Loading repository data...
Warning: Repository 'OS-13.1-Updates' appears to be outdated. Consider using a different mirror or server.
Reading installed packages...
Resolving package dependencies...

Problem: nothing provides libz.so.1 needed by MozillaFirefox-26.0-4.2.i586
 Solution 1: do not ask to install a solvable providing MozillaFirefox.i586
 Solution 2: break MozillaFirefox-26.0-4.2.i586 by ignoring some of its dependencies

Choose from above solutions by number or cancel [1/2/c] (c): 
  • there is no 32-bit package available for opensuse after 42.1 and in suse after 12? Oct 15 '18 at 10:35
  • I can't tell for sure. Custom repos could still contain 32-bit packages, but you can search here for the packages you require. Just to be clear, are you talking about opensuse or SLES products?
    – eblock
    Oct 15 '18 at 12:12
  • I'm talking about installation of rpm using zypper in general. My question is if I have both 32-bit and 64-bit for a package, how can I install only the 32-bit or 64-bit using zypper. As in yum we can do it as packagename.arch. Oct 15 '18 at 12:19
  • I added that part to my answer (zypper in -C <PACKAGE>.<ARCH>)
    – eblock
    Oct 15 '18 at 12:38
  • What's the difference between zypper in -C MozillaFirefox.i586 and zypper in MozillaFirefox.i586? Can you please explain this? Oct 15 '18 at 13:08

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