netstat and similar commands provide information on services bound to an IP. This information is however limited when a service binds to "all available interfaces":

root@srv ~# netstat -tulpn | grep 22
tcp        0      0    *               LISTEN      1077/sshd
tcp6       0      0 :::22                   :::*                    LISTEN      1077/sshd

In the case above, the SSH daemon bound to all available interfaces, but it is not explicit about which ones.

How to check all interfaces (or IP addresses) a service bound to?

1 Answer 1


Try ss.

Something like:

ss -o state established '( dport = :ssh or sport = :ssh )'

Might be what you are looking for:

$ ss -o state established '( dport = :ssh or sport = :ssh )'
Netid Recv-Q Send-Q        Local Address:Port                         Peer Address:Port                
tcp   0      0                                        timer:(keepalive,119min,0)

Man page online: https://linux.die.net/man/8/ss

  • Thanks but this lists the established connections, not the binding (which may not have a connection right now)
    – WoJ
    Commented Aug 3, 2018 at 11:36
  • @WoJ For the binding maybe this is the answer you seek: unix.stackexchange.com/a/16058/191550
    – anon
    Commented Aug 3, 2018 at 11:43
  • Thanks again, but this is the routing - independent of which service bound to which interface.
    – WoJ
    Commented Aug 3, 2018 at 11:53

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