I'm using nested if statements in my shell script. If any statement fails, it has to come out of the script with out executing other sections in the script. I tried using exit 1 and set -e.

I'm not able to use set -e as I have used a few grep statements which would return non zero status.

Could someone please help me How to stop executing a script if any statements fails?

  • Doesn’t exit 1 work? – Jeff Schaller Jul 11 '18 at 18:04
  • I'd recommend fixing the grep's that aren't returning correctly as well. Enabling set -e is a level of conformance that you're demanding of your script, so you're basically working against it rather than using its enforcements. Just my $0.02. – slm Jul 11 '18 at 21:05
  • By "any statements" you seem to mean "almost any statements". – Kusalananda Jul 11 '18 at 21:09

You can still use set -e. If you have specific statement which you expect to fail, you simply need to catch the error state and "handle" it:

$ cat 454756.sh
set -e
[[ 1 -eq 2 ]] || :
echo "Still got here!"
$ ./454756.sh
Still got here!

set -e will abort the script on any uncaught error condition. Otherwise you would not be able to use if statements.

# this also still works
set -e
if /bin/false; then
    echo "nope"
    echo "yep"

The incantation || : is a succinct way to "eat" any error thrown by any command, which is handy when you're wanting to use set -e and have specific commands whose failure is perfectly okay.

Another way to do this is to unset -e before the command in question, and reset it afterward:

set -e
set +e
set -e
  • 1
    Might worth mentioning true and : are effectively the same and true is a bit more explicit – Sergiy Kolodyazhnyy Jul 11 '18 at 18:18
  • 1
    In bash source they're implemented via same function, and both return exit status of success no matter what, and take arguments without doing anything – Sergiy Kolodyazhnyy Jul 11 '18 at 18:52
  • 1
    Fair enough, I sit corrected. – DopeGhoti Jul 11 '18 at 18:54

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