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I am mounting an ISO file, and looking at this tutorial. They use the command:

$ mount -o loop disk1.iso /mnt/disk

I'm trying to understand the use of -o loop. I have two questions:

  1. When I look at the long man page for mount, it takes time to find that -o option. If I do man mount | grep "-o" I get an error, and when I look in the file I do not find any info that "loop" is a command text for option -o. Where is that documented?

  2. Also, what is the "loop device" concept for mounting?

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    In man you can search for a string by typing /mystring after man starts. You can highlight all matches with just /. See man man. I see @Josh has added such a comment to the accepted answer.
    – andy256
    Sep 12, 2017 at 2:41
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    For a related question I wrote a short outline of the concept
    – Bananguin
    Apr 3, 2018 at 9:25
  • 1
    / is the standard search feature in vi, vim and almost all commands that output in pages (less, more...)
    – phuclv
    Oct 6, 2020 at 23:56

3 Answers 3

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A loop device is a pseudo ("fake") device (actually just a file) that acts as a block-based device. You want to mount a file disk1.iso that will act as an entire filesystem, so you use loop.

The -o is short for --options.

And the last thing, if you want to search for "-o" you need to escape the '-'.

Try:

man mount | grep "\-o"
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    With GNU grep, grep -e -o (-e says "next thing is the pattern no matter what it looks like) or grep -- -o (-- means stop looking for switches) work too. Of course feel free to use whatever works for you.
    – ephemient
    Dec 6, 2010 at 0:26
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    You can also just type: man mount, and then you can use /-o to search for and highlight all instances of "-o"
    – Josh
    Dec 7, 2010 at 14:21
  • Although this makes sense, it seems that providing the loop option is not required.
    – sherrellbc
    Aug 5, 2016 at 15:49
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Traditionally, UNIX systems have had various types of nodes in their filesystems:

  • directory
  • file
  • symlink
  • block device
  • character device
  • FIFO
  • UNIX domain socket

While there are now exceptions, generally block devices containing filesystems are mounted on directories.

Since you want to mount a file, you must first create a loop block device that is backed by the file. This can be done using losetup, but mount -o loop is a shortcut that handles that behind the scenes.

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Loop device is a device driver that allows you to mount a file that acts as a block device (a loop device is not actually a device type, it's an ordinary file).

For example:

mount -o loop demo.img /mnt/DEMO/
ls -l /mnt/DEMO/

You can now look at the /mnt/DEMO subdirectory for the contents of the demo.

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