Is there a fast way (keyboard shortcut) to open a terminal emulator (in my case urxvt) in the same directory as the file in the current emacs buffer?
M-! allows you to launch shell commands. You could use it to launch a separate
M-! urxvt RET
I just tried it with
xterm (I don't have
urxvt) and it did open in the same directory as the file in the buffer.
If you want to define a shortcut add something similar in your init file:
(global-set-key (kbd "C-c s") (kbd "M-! urxvt RET"))
In my case I bound the shortcut to: Ctrl+C - S.
I usually use
You can also checkout:
M-x term is effectively launching a terminal emulator written in elisp. From the help:
M-x ... RET Start a terminal-emulator in a new buffer. (term PROGRAM)
term is an interactive compiled Lisp function in `term.el'.
Start a terminal-emulator in a new buffer. The buffer is in Term mode; see `term-mode' for the commands to use in that buffer.
Type C-c b to switch to another buffer.
The emacs command
M-x shell will start a shell in a new buffer (or switch to an existing shell buffer, if there is one). If it's a new shell buffer, it'll be started in the directory of the file being visited in the current buffer. If it's an existing shell buffer, it'll still be in the directory where you left it after last using it. In order to always get the behaviour you want, remember to kill the shell buffer when you're done with it (
M-x shell is too much typing, you can set a global key to start a shell for you. Something like
(global-set-key (kbd "C-x S") 'shell) in your startup file should do it (but be careful not to mask another useful command with your shortcut!)
Also, be aware this is a "dumb terminal" so some commands like
git commit need options like
-m and passwords will be in plaintext on your screen.
I wanted to run a dedicated terminal application,
konsole. I wanted to open a new tab in konsole if it is running, or fire-up one if it is not.
Since I was younger back then I split the implementation between emacs and bash. I call the following defun from emacs:
(defun bk-konsoles () "Calls: bk_konsoles.bash -- which starts new tab in a running konsole," (interactive) (let ((curDir default-directory)) (shell-command (concat "bk_konsoles.bash \"" curDir "\" 2>&1 > /dev/null & disown") nil nil) (kill-buffer "*Shell Command Output*")))
The defun calls bash script,
#!/bin/bash myPath=`echo $@ | sed 's/.$//'` runningKonsole=`ps -e | grep konsole` if [ "$runningKonsole"!="" ]; then if [ "$@"!="" ]; then konsole --new-tab --workdir "$myPath" 2>&1 > /dev/null else konsole --new-tab 2>&1 > /dev/null fi wmctrl -a " – Konsole" else konsole fi
Most of the time I use
shell-mode. So I heavily use shell-here. But when I need external terminal. I use urxvt-client with tmux using this:
- Create file named 'term-here' in /usr/local/bin/ containing
urxvtc -e bash -c "tmux -q has-session && exec tmux attach-session -d || exec tmux new-session -n$USER -s$USER@$HOSTNAME"
- Create new function in emacs
(defun term-here () (interactive) (start-process "" nil "term-here"))
- Bind to your favorite key
This will open urxvt-client (with tmux) in your current directory. I bind it in dired-mode-map.
(use-package dired :ensure nil :ensure-system-package urxvt :bind ((:map dired-mode-map ("," . term-here))))
I choose urxvt-client because it is fast and simple. Don't forget to run your urxvt-daemon at startup.