I wish to set a custom color for the hostname portion of my command line prompt (in bash).

In my .bashrc file, the default command line prompt is:

PS1='[\u@\h \W]\$ '

To colorize the hostname only, I came up with this prompt:

PS1='[\u@\e[40;36m\h\e[0m \W]\$ '

I used different colors for each host I work on. The colorizing part seems to be working as expected. However, with the prompt above, navigation on the command line becomes dysfunctional. For example, at times I cannot move the cursor to the beginning or end of the line. If I switch back to the default prompt, everything works correctly again.

What's wrong with my colorized prompt? How can I properly specify a color for the hostname only?

It should not matter for this question, but I'm running Arch Linux KDE and I work in Konsole.



After the expansion is done for special prompt sequences, every character remaining in the prompt is counted in order to calculate the length of the prompt.


Since you've added the color sequences, which in fact shouldn't be counted for the length of a prompt, bash now actually thinks that your prompt is longer than it really is.
Because of that, bash can't know where is the beginning or the end of the line and that creates mentioned dysfunctionalities.


From bash manual:

\[    Begin a sequence of non-printing characters, which could be used to 
      embed a terminal control sequence into the prompt

\]    End a sequence of non-printing characters

Just add these around your color escape sequences so that they aren't counted for the prompt length.

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