I run Tails in a virtual machine on a Debian 9 host. To access a shared folder on the host via Tails, I try to set up a Samba-exchange.
While this approach worked completely fine in Debian 8, it does not work anymore in Debian 9. I always get the following error when trying to connect to the Samba-share:
"Unable to access location. Failed to retrieve share list from server: Connection timed out."
QEMU-settings I specified the network source (virtual network interface) as bridge with name
virbr0, device model is
virtio. When running the machine the bridge is activated, physical network interfaces are activated as well and the guest (= Tails) receives internet access without any problems. Only the
Samba-share does not work.
/etc/samba/smb.conf looks like that:
[global] workgroup = WORKGROUP netbios name = MYCOMPUTER name resolve order = bcast dns proxy = no log file = /var/log/samba/log./%m max log size = 50 panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d server role = standalone server map to guest = bad user usershare allow guests = yes security = user server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu) bind interfaces only = yes interfaces = enp0s25 virbr* lo [Windows-SMB] comment = Shared Samba Network Drive for Windows path = /home/user/Public/Windows-Exchange public = no guest ok = no browseable = yes writeable = yes [Tails-SMB] comment = Shared Samba Network Drive for Tails path = /home/user/Public/Tails-Exchange public = no guest ok = no browseable = yes writeable = yes
I tried all possible solutions:
- Installing the package
netbios name = NAME-OF-PC
name resolve order = bcast host
However, none of them worked.
I tried to narrow down the source of the error:
testparm does not detect any mistakes,
smbtree displays all shares correctly. If I take the displayed IP-address from
nmblookup <hostname> and insert this one into Tails, I get the mentioned error again.
However, pinging the Samba-share-IP from the guest works fine. I just can not access the share with the Tails file browser.
Some other ideas where I could look at?
smbclient -L host brought me "Connection to host failed (Error NT_STATUS_UNSUCCESSFUL)". However, if I type
smbclient -L 192.168.178.31 I successfully get the table with the shares.
Here are some screenshots of the current situation:
Configuration checks via CLI:
user@hostname: ~$ smbtree WORKGROUP \\HOSTNAME HOSTNAME server (Samba, Ubuntu) \\HOSTNAME\IPC$ IPC Service (HOSTNAME server (Samba, Ubuntu)) \\HOSTNAME\Tails-SMB Shared Samba Network Drive for Tails \\HOSTNAME\Windows-SMB Shared Samba Network Drive for Windows user@hostname: ~$ nmblookup 192.168.122.1 HOSTNAME<00> (This seems to be fine)
Virtual Machine Manager:
Gnome Network Manager:
Error in Tails when connecting to the Samba Share IP via file browser:
Tails (successfully?) sending ping to the Samba-Server-IP:
Hereby both IP's seem to work fine:
192.168.122.1 as well as
192.168.178.31 (from a previous try before restarting the samba-server).
Update: Samba-exchange is still not working.
Maybe interesting: Very frustrated about this Samba-issue I reinstalled my Debian 9 host several times because I thought I did a mistake anyhow. Hereby I think to remember the following fact: The first time I installed Debian and wanted to start Virtual Machine Managers
default network bridge
virbr0 I got an error that no firewall has been detected. Therefore
Virtual Machine Manager did not want to start this bridge. I never received such a warning before, so I deleted the
default network bridge and recreated a new one with identical settings and the same name. However, manually starting this new bridge was easily possible without any problems. Although still no firewall has been installed Virtual Machine Manager accepted the new bridge without complains. I think to remember that this time I got the Samba-exchange working.
However, I did a whole reinstall of the host system because some other things did not work and I played a lot with packages in the meanwhile. Hereby I figured out that this error message "No Firewall has been detected" was caused by missing packages
dnsmasq. I installed those packages and never got Samba exchange working again.
Unfortunately I am not that much into Linux to figure out the mistake by myself. Maybe it is just an easy thing with IP-settings of the firewall or something like this...
Another stupid behavior of Samba is the fact that directly after restarting the Samba server by command
/etc/init.d/samba restart the
smbtree-command does not work straight ahead. I have to wait several seconds sometimes until I do not receive an empty line anymore and the tree is displayed.
smbtree command only shows one output line with the hostname sometimes, but without naming the created Samba shares. This behavior seems to be influenced by the options in
smb.conf. The upper presented
smbtree-command to correctly show the shares in its output as well. However, if I do a very simple
[global] section with only two basic entries, sometimes the output of
smbtree remains completely empty - I don't know why.
On my Debian 8 host machine with identical settings the
smbtree-command output indeed is only one line as well. Maybe there is a bug anywhere? Normally
smbtree should show the host name and the Samba shares as well. At least the Samba exchange is working on this Debian 8 system (no
firewalld and no
dnsmasq are installed here).