I want to give a Fedora user
sudo privileges. How do I do that?
As root (or with
sudo from an account which already has the power), add the user to the
gpasswd wheel -a username
I use gpasswd because not all versions of
usermod have an easy way to add the user to a group without changing all the users' groups. However, on any recent Fedora,
usermod username -a -G wheel should have the same effect.
Group membership does not take effect immediately — the details are complicated, but the easy answer is that the user whose account has been modified should log out and in again.
If you are using Fedora Workstation with the GNOME desktop environment, you can use the GNOME settings panel to add a user as an "administrator":
You will need to unlock the panel either by already being an administrative user (useful for adding the power to another account) or by providing the root password. The switch is grayed out in my screenshot because I'm the only administrative user on this system and it won't let you shoot yourself in the foot in that way. (The command line tools, of course, will.)
The GUI switch has the underlying effect of adding you the user to
wheel, so it's exactly the same as the command line option.
If you are using Fedora Linux 14 or earlier, use
visudo to edit the
sudoers file, removing the
# from this line:
%wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL
This is the default in the sudoers file on Fedora Linux 15 and newer, so adding the user to
wheel is all you need to do. Note that (as above) this won't take effect immediately; the easiest thing to do is log out and in again.
See also this question and answer over on Server Fault for information on granting sudo-like "auth as self" behavior to
wheel group members for graphical apps which use consolehelper or PackageKit.
I suppose that the first question is, do you have sudo installed on the server(s) in question? Assuming so, it is just a matter of deciding whether you want to treat the user as a unique entity or as part of a group, a group which may have only 1 member. The command
visudo as root will give you access to edit the sudoers file, often /etc/sudoers.
user ALL= /foo/bar
%group ALL= /foo/bar
These are merely two examples, the sudo package has a tremendous number of features and settings options at your disposal. I recommend reading the sudoers, sudo's configuration file, manual. I would also recommend starting simple and building up to the actual desired configuration.
Watched this video:
Which directed to this utility (fedy):
which can be installed with the following command (works for me in fedora 20):
su -c "curl http://satya164.github.io/fedy/fedy-installer -o fedy-installer && chmod +x fedy-installer && ./fedy-installer"
supply the requested password, once it is finished installing, run
su -c fedy
and the UI will run. you can then add your user to the sudoers list:
be sure to reboot after you make these changes.