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I want to assign the path and file name to a variable:

/path/to/myfile/file.txt

For example

MYFILE=$(pwd)$(basename)

How can i do it ?

closed as unclear what you're asking by ilkkachu, Jeff Schaller, roaima, Timothy Martin, dhag Feb 9 '18 at 17:57

Please clarify your specific problem or add additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it's currently written, it’s hard to tell exactly what you're asking. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • If the purpose is to extract the name of the script itself (as in your own answer), then this is almost a duplicate of the question here: unix.stackexchange.com/questions/4650/… – Kusalananda Feb 9 '18 at 11:11
  • assigning an arbitrary file name and path is a slightly different question than getting your own script name; which is it? – Jeff Schaller Feb 9 '18 at 11:47
  • well in first i just wanted how to contact output of two linux command , which will provide me full path + myfilename variable. :) – Omar BISTAMI Feb 9 '18 at 17:14
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To answer the question as it is stated: This is a simple string concatenation.

somedirpath='/some/path'  # for example $PWD or $(pwd)
somefilepath='/the/path/to/file.txt'

newfilepath="$somedirpath"/"$( basename "$somefilepath" )"

You most likely would want to include a / between the two path elements when concatenating the strings, and basename takes an argument which is a path (this was missing in the question).


Reading your other answer, it looks like you are looking for the bash script path and name. This is available in BASH_SOURCE, which is an array. It's only element (unless you are in a function) will be what you want. In the general case, it's the last element in the array that you want to look at.

In bash 4.4, this is ${BASH_SOURCE[-1]}.

  • Thanks for the answer, its clear now ! i have the following code : PATH="/mnt/c/Users/omar_bistami/Documents/testvad/afficher.sh" echo $PATH echo $(basename "$PATH") And i get line 6: basename: command not found I tried basename "$PATH"and $( basename "$PATH" ) But still getting the error , tried in 2 differents env. – Omar BISTAMI Feb 9 '18 at 16:51
  • @OmarBISTAMI That is because PATH is a very special variable used by the shell to look up external utilities. Please use almost any other variable name. Normally, one's own scripts should use lower-case variable names so that they don't accidentally clash with system environment variables. – Kusalananda Feb 9 '18 at 17:08
  • yes... was overridden the path..big thanks! – Omar BISTAMI Feb 9 '18 at 17:13
  • @OmarBISTAMI See addition to my answer. – Kusalananda Feb 9 '18 at 19:37
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I tried this and it worked :

#!/bin/bash
SCRIPT=$(pwd)$(basename $0)
echo $SCRIPT

If there is a better way, please share.

  • It looks like you want to have the name of the script? Is that right? – Kusalananda Feb 9 '18 at 11:09
  • i wanted the full path+scriptname : /file/to/path/script.sh :) – Omar BISTAMI Feb 9 '18 at 19:20

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