Consider these wget codes:

wget -P ~/ https://raw.githubusercontent.com/user/repo/branch/papj.sh
wget -P ~/ https://raw.githubusercontent.com/user/repo/branch/nixta.sh

Is there any elegant way to unite different terminals of the same basic URL as above, into one line instead 2 or more?


wget -P ~/ https://raw.githubusercontent.com/user/repo/branch/papj.sh||nixta.sh

As wget accepts several URLs at once this can be done using brace expansion in bash:

wget -P ~/ https://raw.githubusercontent.com/user/repo/branch/{papj.sh,nixta.sh}

(or even

wget -P ~/ https://raw.githubusercontent.com/user/repo/branch/{papj,nixta}.sh

but this only works for well-suited names of course).

  • Thanks, allow me to ask, off label - would you consider this a best practice or something commonly done by professional Bash programmers? (at least, the first option which should be with less confusing). – Arcticooling Jan 13 '18 at 20:00
  • 1
    @Arcticooling Hmm, good question. For URLs it may not make a lot of sense because it prevents easy copy/paste in case you need to access the same file in the browser, I probably wouldn't use it at least. wiki.bash-hackers.org/syntax/expansion/brace says "it's used to generate mass-arguments for a command, that follow a specific naming-scheme.", linuxg.net/… has some good examples, I use the cp /path/to/file{,.bak} thing regularly (but mostly interactively, not in scripts). – nohillside Jan 13 '18 at 20:07
  • "this only works for well-suited names" – What names do you think it would not work for? – Hauke Laging Jan 13 '18 at 20:24
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    @HaukeLaging the second option, which uses brace expansion only for part of the file name, requires file names ending in a common part. – nohillside Jan 13 '18 at 21:19
  • @patrix It makes a lot of sense for URLs; very useful. Oftentimes, a gallery of images on a webpage will have the different image urls differ only by a consecutive number, and so you can do wget http://example.com/img-{1..70}.jpg or similar to download them all. – JoL Jan 14 '18 at 5:11

I have done this by using awk command and for loop. Let me know for any doubts and confusion

Created one file example.txt by putting below content in a file

cat example.txt

wget -P ~/ https://raw.githubusercontent.com/user/repo/branch/

I have assigned papj.sh nixta.sh to the variable i

Used below script to execute as per your requirement

for i in papj.sh nixta.sh; do awk -v i="$i" '{print $0i}' example.txt; done


wget -P ~/ https://raw.githubusercontent.com/user/repo/branch/papj.sh

wget -P ~/ https://raw.githubusercontent.com/user/repo/branch/nixta.sh

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