6

I have the following file variable and values

# more file.txt
export worker01="sdg sdh sdi sdj sdk"
export worker02="sdg sdh sdi sdj sdm"
export worker03="sdg sdh sdi sdj sdf"

I perform source in order to read the variable

# source file.txt

example:

echo $worker01
sdg sdh sdi sdj sdk

until now every thing is perfect

but now I want to read the variables from the file and print the values by simple bash loop I will read the second field and try to print value of the variable

#  for i in ` sed s'/=/ /g'  /tmp/file.txt | awk '{print $2}' `
   do  
   echo $i
   declare var="$i"
   echo $var
   done

but its print only the variable and not the values

worker01
worker01
worker02
worker02
worker03
worker03

expected output:

worker01
sdg sdh sdi sdj sdk
worker02
sdg sdh sdi sdj sdm
worker03
sdg sdh sdi sdj sdf
5

You have export worker01="sdg sdh sdi sdj sdk", then you replace = with a space to get export worker01 "sdg sdh sdi sdj sdk". The space separated fields in that are export, worker01, "sdg, sdh, etc.

It's probably better to split on =, and remove the quotes, so with just the shell:

$ while IFS== read -r key val ; do
    val=${val%\"}; val=${val#\"}; key=${key#export };
    echo "$key = $val";
  done < vars
worker01 = sdg sdh sdi sdj sdk
worker02 = sdg sdh sdi sdj sdm
worker03 = sdg sdh sdi sdj sdf

key contains the variable name, val the value. Of course this doesn't actually parse the input, it just removes the double quotes if they happen to be there.

3

With awk alone:

awk -F'"' '{print $2}' file.txt
# To print the variable name as well:
awk '{gsub(/[:=]/," "); gsub(/[:"]/,""); if ($1 = "export") {$1=""; print $0}}' file.txt

to loop it you can:

for i in "$(awk -F\" '{print $2}' file.txt)"; do
    var="$i"
    echo "$var"
done
my_array=($(awk -F\" '{print $2}' file.txt))
for element in "${my_var[@]}"; do
    another_var="$element"
    echo "$another_var"
done

If you also want to print the variable name in your loop you can do this:

#! /usr/bin/env bash -
while read -r line; do
    if [[ "$(awk '{print $1}' <<<"$line")" == 'export' ]]; then
        var_name="$(awk '{print $2}' <<<"$line" | awk -F'=' '{print $1}')"
        var_value="$(awk -F\" '{print $2}' <<<"$line")"
        echo -e "${var_name}\n${var_value}"
    else
        continue
    fi
done<file.txt

Output:

$ ./script.sh
worker01
sdg sdh sdi sdj sdk
worker02
sdg sdh sdi sdj sdm
worker03
sdg sdh sdi sdj sdf
2

First, you can get the variables names with this GNU grep command, using a Perl-compat regex:

grep -oP 'export \K[^=]+' file.txt

Then, you can read the output of that into a bash array with:

mapfile -t variables < <(grep -oP 'export \K[^=]+' file.txt)

That uses the bash builtin mapfile command and a process substitition.

Last, iterate over the variable names and use indirect parameter expansion to get the values:

for v in "${variables[@]}"; do 
    printf "varname=%s\tvalue=%s\n" "$v" "${!v}"
done
varname=worker01        value=sdg sdh sdi sdj sdk
varname=worker02        value=sdg sdh sdi sdj sdm
varname=worker03        value=sdg sdh sdi sdj sdf
0

You can use this sed

sed -E 's/[^ ]* ([^=]*)="([^"]*)"/\1\n\2/' file.txt

Or this awk

awk -F '"|=' '{split($1,a," ");print a[2]"\n"$3}' file.txt

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.