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I have SED patterns:

[^a-zA-Z0-9]

/b\./s/.*c\.. \([^ ]*\) .*/\1/p

and so on.

I need to pass these to an echo command as variables.

At the moment, I define the $pattern variable like so:

$pattern="[^a-zA-Z0-9]"

and then pipe it to echo, like so:

echo "$OUTPUT" | sed "s/$pattern/g"

But the code is not passing the pattern, but a command and returns the error

=[^a-zA-Z0-9]: command not found

What's going wrong?

  • Does pattern='[^a-zA-Z0-9]' work better? You're not assigning a variable with $pattern=. Take a look at eval as an alternative too... I can make it into a proper answer if it works... – Zip Dec 7 '17 at 16:55
  • see also: unix.stackexchange.com/q/32907/117549 – Jeff Schaller Dec 7 '17 at 17:00
  • [^a-zA-Z0-9] is a pattern but /b./s/.c.. ([^ ]) .*/\1/p is a full sed script. – Stéphane Chazelas Dec 7 '17 at 17:18
  • 1
    Just a little insight on the error. With dollar sign bash expands it as if it were a variable and because there was nothing in $pattern at that point, bash saw this: =[^a-zA-Z0-9]. And what's the next step? Executing the command with that name, thus the error. – PesaThe Dec 7 '17 at 17:57
2
$ pattern='[^a-zA-Z0-9]'
$ echo "123 ABC" | sed "s/$pattern/g"
sed: -e expression #1, char 16: unterminated `s' command
$ echo "123 ABC" | sed "s/$pattern//g"
123ABC
$ echo "123 ABC" | sed "s/$pattern/XYZ/g"
123XYZABC

And...

Shell variables are assigned without a leading $.

1

Replace

$pattern="[^a-zA-Z0-9]"

by

pattern="[^a-zA-Z0-9]"

Shell variables are assigned without a leading $.

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