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I installed the newest available image from here which was Kali 64 bit v2017.2.

However, using the command apt-get install headers-linux-$(uname -r) returns the message:

Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
E: Unable to locate package headers-linux-4.12.0-kali1-amd64
E: Couldn't find any package  by glob 'headers-linux-4.12.0-kali1-amd64'
E: Couldn't find any package  by regex 'headers-linux-4.12.0-kali1-amd64'

When I check the pool, it looks like all of the headers are marked as 4.13.0.

Two headed question then: Where do I get the headers for headers-linux-4.12.0-kali1-amd64, or where do I find the ISO image file for Kali 4.13.x?

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    sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade && sudo apt dist-upgrade && sudo apt install linux-headers-$(uname -r) – defalt Nov 21 '17 at 7:15
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On kali linux rolling release the package will be continuously updated , the old package will be removed and replaced by the newest version. on your system you have an old kernel image linux-image-4.12.0-kali1-amd64 , it is no longer available on the kali linux repository , Also its linux-headers-4.12.0-kali1-amd64 will be removed too.

After the system update (apt update) you can check the available linux-image and linux-headers through:

apt-cache search linux-image
apt-cache serach linux-headers

based on the apt-cache output you can install a specific linux-image and linux-headers package .

the must important part do not use the apt install linux-headers-$(uname -r) , the uname -r it will point to 4.12.0-kali1-amd64 headers package which it is no longer available it will work after installing a new linux-image and booting the new kernel.

installing the linux-image and the linux-headers without rebooting , the linux-headers package will be useful after the system reboot.

apt install linux-image-4.12.0-kali2-amd64
apt install linux-headers-4.12.0-kali2-amd64

Or , install the linux-image :

apt install linux-image-4.12.0-kali2-amd64

Reboot your system then install the linux-headers:

apt install linux-headers-$(uname -r)

now the uname -r should point to the 4.12.0-kali2-amd64 kernel headers version.

The easy way is to upgarade entirely your system followig those steps:

apt update
apt upgrade
apt dist-upgrade
reboot

then install the linux-headers:

apt install linux-headers-$(uname -r)
apt autoremove

The uname -a will display:

 4.13.0-kali1-amd64 

On kali-linux rolling the /etc/apt/sources.list should contain only the following line (kali docs):

deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free
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    If you are doing a apt dist-upgrade anyway, do you really need the apt upgrade first? – bu5hman Nov 21 '17 at 17:08
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    @GAD3R This was amazingly helpful. I hadn't realized there was a difference between the main images and the rolling version. For future readers, I'd advise installing rolling as a first step using the process outlined in "Want an Updated or Custom Kali Image?" on kali.org/downloads – Alex Schneider Nov 21 '17 at 18:25
  • @bu5hman It is not necessary , but it is important if you have the apt-listbugsinstalled on your system. – GAD3R Nov 25 '17 at 12:19
  • @GAD3R Fair enough, though it seems mildly inconsistent to worry too much about anything but the severest bugs when the repository is Kali rolling...... – bu5hman Nov 25 '17 at 13:47
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    After many googling and trying wrong solutions for 3 hours, this was from far the best answer to the same question from me. Many Thx – hornetbzz Dec 18 '17 at 2:09

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