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How can I run applications from terminal?
For some applications I can find the path/name using which or whatis: which python or whatis mathematica or whatis math, but I can't run them by typing mathematica or math.
However, python works fine and I don't know what command I should give to chromium to run it. I can give a command to tor-browser to run in terminal, though.

I am using Debian Stretch with Gnome desktop.

2

Try chromium-browser.

If that doesn't work, issue the command dpkg-query -L chromium to list all the files installed during installation of chromium browser. One of these files will be your binary.

1

Find the actual name of your application and then type it in the terminal:

chromium-browser

If you've run the application from GUI before, right-click the name in the menu and you should see the command/path of the application under Properties. That is where the actual name could be found as well.

Or you could search for it using find or apt-cache search or ...

Or maybe you have to add its location to PATH.

PATH=$PATH:/path/to/chromium

The world is full of options.

  • Thank you slybloty. I was looking for that, right click and command. I can find paths of many (almost all installed programs with it).However there occurs the problem when I try to do that with Mathematica in /bin/sh/usr/local/Wolfram/Mathematica/11.2/Executables, right clicking does not show the dialogue box with "command" in it. The dialogue box which appears has no "command" line/section. However, I found a path where there is a Mathematica icon, when I right click on it, it shows the command which I can use to run it from terminal. Path was /usr/share. – Jawad_Mansoor Nov 2 '17 at 1:45

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