Is it possible to run any graphical browser (not lynx) from the console on CentOS 1708 without any installed GUI on it? I need to access the web interface of the device, but won't install a GUI on it.

  • You can use SDL based vnc client and a vnc server which is running firefox/chromium. Oct 28, 2017 at 14:56
  • Do you require a headless browser? Both Chrome and Firefox support a headless mode now in the same way PhantomJS works.
    – zero298
    Oct 28, 2017 at 22:39
  • 1
    Not a headless. I require answer for a question - can be firefox, chrome or similar run without GUI.We have monitor and keyboard and mouse on server. Oct 30, 2017 at 4:59

5 Answers 5


There are two common browsers that I've seen:

There are many less common ones, and as @gad3r pointed out some newer ones. Why not lynx? Do you have a special purpose in mind?

  • Special purpose - to get access on the web interface to login on device. I cant do it with lyns i dunno why. And also my boss says, there is a possibility to run normal browser (like chrome or firefox) without GUI and i says no, there is no way to do so without GUI. Oct 28, 2017 at 14:45
  • 2
    @AlexandrAnufriev: You probably need a javascript capable browser. Give links a try: links JS capable Oct 28, 2017 at 14:53
  • Do you need JS? you just need to fetch the static HTML content Oct 28, 2017 at 15:35
  • And you can even strip the HTML tags just like it shows in this answer: unix.stackexchange.com/questions/42636/… Oct 28, 2017 at 15:38
  • 1
    Also links2 and some versions of elinks have graphical and mouse support. You'll need gpm set up as well to use mouse.
    – ivanivan
    Oct 28, 2017 at 17:09

You can use googler:

Google Search, Google Site Search, Google News from the terminal

Installation :

git clone https://github.com/jarun/googler.git
cd googler
sudo make install

To use googler you need python3 , just install it and launch googler from python3 environment without changing the default python.

sudo yum -y install https://centos7.iuscommunity.org/ius-release.rpm
sudo yum -y install python36u


ddgr tool is available here or here (rpm):

ddgr is a cmdline utility to search DuckDuckGo from the terminal.

git clone https://github.com/jarun/ddgr.git
cd ddgr/
sudo make install

see ddgr -h for help.


Your question is like "How to fetch HTML web page content from bash and display on screen using shell utilities?"

Fedora / RHEL / CentOS Linux install curl, wget, lynx, and w3m

Open a terminal and and then type:

$ sudo yum install curl wget lynx w3m

wget -O - https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/401068/web-browser-from-console-centos

To read the full article Bash: Display Web Page Content In Terminal

  • Thank you for reply, but not exactly. What are you talking about - was my target. But lately it transformed in some kind of principal question and to show my boss that he is wrong. He told me, its possible to run graphical browser (like firefox or chrome) from shell without GUI, like 'yum install firefox' and then just root@localhost$ firefox, and it should open a window of firefox. Ive told him no way without GUI. So it was my general question here - is it possible or not without gui. I know about links, but that was not what i'm questioning about. Thank you. Oct 28, 2017 at 17:03
  • Oh I see, and I'm happy to help. BTW, so your question is something like this? unix.stackexchange.com/questions/9107/… which is impossible? Oct 28, 2017 at 17:16
  • Yes, my question was the same. Oct 28, 2017 at 17:32

You said in a comment:

And also my boss says, there is a possibility to run normal browser (like chrome or firefox) without GUI and i says no, there is no way to do so without GUI.

That isn’t true. Both Chrome and Firefox support headless modes. Similar to PhantomJS, their use is more geared towards tooling and testing, but that may fit your use case. See:

Chrome Headless

  • He was talking about firefox or chrome, or similar. He said, that its enough to "yum install firefox" and then "local$ firefox" to start it. Without any additional configurations or expansions, or how is it called properly in linux. Thank you for your answer! So he thought it should works like: 1. Loggoing on server via putty ssh, installing chrome, running chrome. I said - no way. He didn't know abouy any headless mode, or even lynx. He used firefox before on this server, but in the past there was installed gnome! So i told him about that. Oct 29, 2017 at 9:22
  • And btw, i dont need headless solution. What i was looking for was described before. Simple question - can be chrome of firefox or similar work only with "yum install..." without expansions like Xs, GUI. Oct 29, 2017 at 12:01

netsurf has a graphical framebuffer mode that can be run on a tty. This needs to be specially compiled and it requires framebuffer support.

When it is working, you can use most graphical pages from your tty, the same way as you would use netsurf under X11 or similar.

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