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I'm in a situation similar to How can I install a local RPM using only the local dependency RPM files? or install a directory full of RPMs so that rpms providing dependencies are installed before dependent rpms?, but I'm on Fedora rather than CentOS and have DNF instead of Yum.

I have a bunch of .rpm files downloaded to a directory. I want to install one of them (let's say foo-1.0-1.rpm) and have its dependencies. I only want to install the required things, not all of the other files that have been downloaded, like foo-debuginfo-1.0-1.rpm and foo-extraplugin-that-no-one-uses-1.0-1.rpm. If I do dnf install *, I get all the extra junk. If I do just dnf install foo-1.0-1.rpm, I get errors about missing dependencies on bar and baz and foo-essential.

What should I do?

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The answers for Yum suggest making a local repository and adding a repo configuration file to /etc/yum.repos.d. You could do that, but with DNF, you don't have to. You can just point to a local repo with no config file. You do need to create the repo in your directory, though.

So:

  1. Change to the directory in question. cd ~/Downloads/RPMs, for example.
  2. run createrepo_c . in that directory. (Or createrepo_c ~/Downloads/RPMs from anywhere.)
  3. Run dnf --repofrompath local,. install foo

Notes:

createrepo_c is a drop-in and faster replacement for createrepo.

The syntax for the provided repo is reponame comma path. So you could do --repofrompath "My Repository",/home/mattdm/Downloads/RPMs if you like. You can also provide a URL — either a file:/// URL or a remote one.

Remember to give the package you want installed as just the package name, like foo, rather than a file name, like foo-1.0-1.rpm.

And finally, if you have other configured repos that also provide foo and those are getting pulled in instead, well, that's going to be a problem in the future, but for now, you could use --disablerepo to get rid of the problematic other repo.

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