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I've got a beaglebone black that has Debian 9.1. we wrote a c++ program for its GPIOs and We want this program to always run when the system turns on. how can we do that?

  • You have to you use systemd unit for that. – direprobs Sep 17 '17 at 19:18
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An extremely simple solution would be to add a @reboot cron job that just runs the binary.

Do crontab -e for the user that needs to run the code (e.g. sudo crontab -e for roots crontab), and add the line

@reboot /path/to/some/executable

This will schedule the job to run each time the system has booted up.

See the crontab(5) manual for more info (man 5 crontab).

Depending on what the program does, this may be enough, or it may be too simplistic.

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You can compile the program to say run_gpio and save it in a known path, e.g. /path/to/run_gpio. It has to be marked executable for root:

$ sudo chmod 755 /path/to/run_gpio

Then configure Debian's init system to start your program.

You can find an explanation e.g. here: http://xmodulo.com/how-to-automatically-start-program-on-boot-in-debian.html

In Debian, a directory called /etc/init.d contains a list of scripts that are executed by init process during startup and shutdown. Thus, in order to automatically run a particular program or script at startup, you can create a corresponding init.d script.

$ sudo vi /etc/init.d/run_gpio
Instead of vi, you can also use nano.

Put these lines in the new file within the init.d directory:

#! /bin/sh
# /etc/init.d/run_gpio
case "$1" in start)
/path/to/run_gpio
;; esac

Finally, make the init.d script executable, and add the init.d script to a default runlevel, so that the script can be called at boot time (and also during shutdown).

$ sudo chmod 755 /etc/init.d/run_gpio
$ sudo update-rc.d run_gpio defaults

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