This seems like a very basic thing to do, and I have even followed a few tutorials to get a simple script to be run at startup, but to no avail.

Here is what my script, which is in the root directory, looks like:

#! /bin/bash
xmodmap ~/.xmodmaprc
echo 0 | sudo tee /sys/module/hid_apple/parameters/iso_layout

The script basically changes my keymap, by switching control and command keys (as I'm on a macbook). It has been chmod'ed to be executable, so that it executes successfully when I do ./keymap_fix.sh or I do /root/keymap_fix.sh

I have followed these simple tutorials https://www.cyberciti.biz/tips/linux-how-to-run-a-command-when-boots-up.html and https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/linux-execute-cron-job-after-system-reboot/

So, I have copied the shell script to /etc/init.d and did this also update-rc.d keymap_fix.sh defaults 100

I even tried setting up crontab in a similar way, by adding @reboot /root/keymap_fix.sh , but nothing works! Whenever I reboot, my keymap remains the same. :/

Would be grateful if someone could help me out here, thanks!

  • Have you tried to run your script from .bashrc file? – mrc02_kr Aug 28 '17 at 8:59

Commands like xmodmap can only run in X window,

You should create a dot.desktop file in the xdg autostart folder, e.g create a file ~/.config/autostart/startup.desktop and put these lines in it:


See this link for details

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