My system may not have correctly configured SMTP and other settings. I still tried to send a bug report by reportbug in Debian 9. I did not find any list of current bug reports in the Debian listings. I want to confirm that the submission of the bug report is successful by reportbug itself.

I think the following setting page is the problem. No email reportbug i.e. reporting bug and waiting a few minutes, when having Thunderbird only in my system. Failure because Thunderbird is not MTA, but it is an MUA (sourcejedi).

Do you have a mail transport agent (MTA) like Exim, Postfix or SSMTP configured on this computer to send mail to the Internet?

OS: Debian 9.1

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    The Debian BTS will acknowledge that your bug report has been successfully received by assigning it a number. And then you can read that bug report online by going to bugs.debian.org/bugnumber. I suppose you can look up all the bug reports for that package via reportbug, but I don't understand the significance of reportbug here. Why do you want to restrict yourself to that particular piece of software? – Faheem Mitha Aug 27 '17 at 8:01
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    @LéoLéopoldHertz준영 choose yes , if you have thunderbird already configured – GAD3R Aug 27 '17 at 12:34
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    @LéoLéopoldHertz준영 If you didn't get the bug id number, then most probably your bug report didn't reach the BTS. Did you test it? I think the --debug flag can be used for that. – Faheem Mitha Aug 27 '17 at 12:45
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    Choose No, Thunderbird is not an MTA, it is an MUA, you do not have an MTA unless you have configured Exim, or installed and configured Postfix or SSMTP, etc. – sourcejedi Aug 27 '17 at 13:10
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    Also, Debian will mail you confirmation of the bug, so if you don't have an email within ten minutes or so, something is going wrong (it could be you typo'd the email address to reportbug, or some part of the debian infrastructure is down for maintenance). – sourcejedi Aug 27 '17 at 13:11

You can generate and send a report bud manually according to Sending the bug report via e-mail

You can report bugs in Debian by sending an e-mail to submit@bugs.debian.org with a special format described below. reportbug (see above) will properly format the e-mails for you; please use it!

You can generate a reportbug manually through reportbug command , e,g:

reportbug --template --bts debian -S normal console-setup

If you have reportbug installed the output of reportbug -q --template -T none -s none -S normal -b --list-cc none -q <package> will also be useful, as it contains the output of maintainer specific scripts and version information.

Copy it to thunderbird then Answer the 4 questions , send it.

*** Reporter, please consider answering these questions, where appropriate ***

  * What led up to the situation?
   * What exactly did you do (or not do) that was effective (or
   * What was the outcome of this action?
   * What outcome did you expect instead?

Also you can install postfix or exim4 ... , then configure it :

dpkg-reconfigure postfix
dpkg-reconfigure exim4-config
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    This doesn't acknowledge the question asked, but it's a very useful suggestion e.g. for GMail users who don't want to "Allow less secure apps to access your account" (i.e. software that doesn't implement OAuth). – sourcejedi Aug 27 '17 at 14:12

Debian will mail you confirmation of the bug report, including the assigned bug number. So if you don't have an email after waiting fifteen minutes, something is going wrong. (Although it could be a mistake in the email address you gave to reportbug, or that some part of the Debian infrastructure is down for maintenance).

In order to have "a mail transport agent (MTA) like Exim, Postfix or SSMTP configured on [your] computer to send mail to the Internet", you would have had to configure it yourself, and also test that it works. So if you're unsure whether you have that... it's fairly clear that you don't.

EDIT: Simply accept the defaults for every option, and reportbug will submit bugs directly to the Debian servers.

Or use the alternative method suggested by GAD3R.

Alternatively, you can configure reportbug with your internet SMTP server, just like you configured Thunderbird. reportbug differs in that it does not have a config wizard that knows the values needed for common providers, although they are not too hard to find. However, if you use the most popular email provider, you will have to either "Allow less secure apps to access your account", or switch to two-factor authentication and then generate an "application specific password" for reportbug to use. The latter approach is very similar to what the "more secure" OAuth does behind the scenes. I use the former approach - it's not a problem if you're somehow sure that the "less secure" apps you use are not storing the password - and reportbug asks me for the password each time I use it.

Do not try to configure an MTA just for reportbug. Unless you already understood and would remember that this MTA would probably not work for many other purposes! Because running an MTA and getting the world to accept your mail from it is a professional job, requiring periodic maintenance. For example there is an unmaintained series of Ars Technica articles on self-hosting email from 2014; it looks like part 3 of 4 discusses aspects like DKIM.

If you did have such an MTA configured, you might check your local inbox for bounce messages, then escalate to checking the MTA log files.

  • So using GAD3R's answer in the end is the right thing to do, I think, so manual sending of the bug report. – Léo Léopold Hertz 준영 Aug 27 '17 at 14:42
  • @LéoLéopoldHertz준영 yes, using GAD3R's command is fine. I don't want to discourage anyone from configuring reportbug to use e.g. GMail's smtp server either, but IMO it's a bit more complex to understand if you use GMail and would have to configure GMail to something that says its "less secure". – sourcejedi Aug 27 '17 at 14:48

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