One of many issues with
umount -l is that there's way to know when it has completed.
Is there a way to:
- Know all writing processes have finished and all data has been written to disk.
- Prevent future writes
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Mount the filesystem's device again at a new location, say
mount /dev/device /mnt
mount -o remount,ro /mnt
This will attempt to remount the filesystem on the device read-only.
If this succeeds, there is no more data being written to the disk because
mount -o remount,ro is guaranteed to fail if there are files open for writing.
remount,ro fails, then use:
lsof +f -- /dev/<devicename> | awk 'NR==1 || $4~/[0-9]+[uw -]/'
If you are paranioid and want to prevent any future remount read-write, you can:
blockdev --setro /dev/device
Note: It seems that even mounting the device
ro the first time may be sufficient. I get
mount: /tmp/mountpoint: /dev/loop0 already mounted or mount point busy. if there are processes writing.