To run Minecraft you do not need to use wine. Install jdk, then install/update video drivers and install Minecraft itself. Check the manual here (quoted text is from there)
How to Install Minecraft on Ubuntu or Any Other Linux Distribution by
Chris Hoffman on October 16th, 2014
Minecraft runs just fine on Linux, but it’s probably not available for
easy installation in your Linux distribution’s package manager. Here’s
how to get your Linux system ready for Minecraft.
We used Ubuntu 14.04 for this process, and that’s where our concrete
examples come from. But the process will be almost the same on every
Install Proprietary Graphics Drivers
Minecraft is a 3D application, so it benefits from having good 3D
drivers installed. If you have Intel graphics, you’re good to go —
Intel graphics aren’t as powerful as NVIDIA or AMD graphics, but they
do work well with the standard open-source graphics drivers provided
by your Linux distribution.
If you have NVIDIA or AMD graphics, you should probably install the
closed-source NVIDIA or AMD graphics drivers. On Ubuntu, you can open
the Dash to search for programs (just tap the “Super” key — it’s the
key with a Windows logo on it on most keyboards). Type “Drivers” to
search for the appropriate control panel and click the “Additional
Drivers” shortcut. In the Software & Updates window that appears,
select the NVIDIA or AMD binary driver if it isn’t already selected
and install it.
If you have another Linux distribution, perform a web search to find
out how to most easily install the NVIDIA or AMD binary drivers. You
can run Minecraft with the default open-source drivers, but the
proprietary drivers will improve Minecraft’s performance.
Choose and Install a Java Runtime
Most Linux distributions don’t come with Java, so you’ll need to
install it. You have two choices here. There’s open-source version of
Java, known as OpenJDK, which is available for easy installation in
most Linux distribution’s software repositories. There’s also Oracle’s
own Java runtime. The OpenJDK and Oracle Java runtimes are almost
identical, but the Oracle Java runtime does contain some closed-source
code that might improve graphical performance.
Many people report success with OpenJDK and Minecraft on Linux — it
worked for us — but the Minecraft project still recommends using
Oracle’s Java runtime. OpenJDK and the official Oracle Java runtime
are getting closer together all the time, but you may still want the
Oracle one for now.
If you want to try the OpenJDK runtime, this package should be in your
Linux distribution’s software repositories. You can just open your
desktop’s software management tool and install it. On Ubuntu, click
the shopping bag icon on the dock to open the Ubuntu Software Center
and search for “OpenJDK.” Install the latest version of the OpenJDK
runtime. The process is the same on other Linux distributions — open
the software management tool, search for OpenJDK, and install the
If you want Oracle’s Java runtime, you can download it from Java.com.
But you probably don’t want to do that.
In the past, Oracle provided easily installable Java packages for
Ubuntu and other Linux distributions, but they’ve mostly stopped this
in favor of promoting OpenJDK. You’ll probably want to use Oracle Java
packages provided by other Linux users for easier installation. For
Ubuntu users, there’s a PPA with a Java installer package that will
download the Java files from Oracle and install them properly.
To use the PPA, open a terminal (click the Dash icon, search for
Terminal, and click the Terminal shortcut) and run the following
commands, pressing Enter after each:
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:webupd8team/java sudo apt-get update sudo
apt-get install oracle-java8-installer
Agree to the prompts and accept Oracle’s Java license agreement when
Download and Run Minecraft
Next, download Minecraft. Head to Minecraft’s official download page
and click the Minecraft.jar link under Minecraft for Linux/Other.
You can’t just double-click the Minecraft executable because it’s not
marked as executable after you download it — you’ll see an error
message if you double-click it. First, right-click the Minecraft.jar
file and select Properties. Click the Permissions tab and enable the
“Allow executing file as program” checkbox.
(This is how you’d do it in the Nautilus file manager used by Ubuntu’s
Unity desktop and GNOME, anyway. With other file managers, you should
find a similar option in the file’s properties window.)
Double-click the Minecraft.jar file and the Minecraft Launcher will
appear in a window on your desktop — this is the same launcher you’ll
see on Windows and Mac. You’ll need to log in with your Minecraft
account. If you’ve purchased Minecraft, the launcher will let you play
it. If you haven’t purchased the game yet, you can register a new
account and play the demo for free.
Click the Play button and the launcher will handle everything else,
automatically downloading Minecraft’s game files and launching it. The
launcher will handle updating Minecraft, too.