4

Of course we know cat /proc/cpuinfo |grep "cpu cores" will give an output

[root@14:47 ~]#  cat /proc/cpuinfo |grep "cpu cores"
cpu cores       : 2
cpu cores       : 2
cpu cores       : 2
cpu cores       : 2

But actually I want to get the total number of cpu cores. I want the result to be

cpu cores: 8

How can I get such a result?

  • I don't think summing those will get you the total number of cores on the system, the cpu cores line seems to show the number of cores on the processor (socket) that particular core is on. I get output identical to your example on one dual-socket dual-core system (that has a total of 4 cores, not 8). – ilkkachu Jul 12 '17 at 9:57
  • @ilkkachu: I was also wondering about the output (see my answer below). I now think, that the four rows stem from the fact, that all 4 cores (2xphysical, 2x hyperthreading) are considered and the cpu cores: 2 line stems from the fact, that a total of 2xphysical cores are on the host machine. – FloHe Jul 12 '17 at 10:06
  • @yode Please specify which CPU you have. This simplifies the interpretation of your result. Do you expect to have 8 physical cores (with hyperthreading they could be counted as 16 virtual cores) or do you expect to have 4 physical but 8 virtual cores? cat /proc/cpuinfo should print out the number of physical cores. But it prints out this information for each virtual core. Thus I would expect that you have a dual core CPU with hyperthreading (or how its called by non-intel processors). – daniel.neumann Jul 12 '17 at 11:39
  • Example: my Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-3740QM CPU @ 2.70GHz has 4 physical cores and supports hyperthreading. If I print cat /proc/cpuinfo I get 8 times the line cpu cores : 4 because I have 8 virtual cores (2 per physical core) and this cpu cores information is printed out once per virtual core. – daniel.neumann Jul 12 '17 at 11:42
  • And please also specify if you have one CPU (one piece of hardware) or maybe two CPUs on your mainboard. – daniel.neumann Jul 12 '17 at 12:09
6

If you are only interested in the sum, you can also use GNU awk:

cat /proc/cpuinfo |grep "cpu cores" | awk -F: '{ num+=$2 } END{ print "cpu cores", num }'

Edit: This is the correct answer for the OP's intention to sum the numbers of the last column. However the question about finding out how many cores (physical/virtual) are on the machine is given in the other answers to the question.

  • Please Correct me if I am wrong , The command sums all the cpu cores from the /proc/cpuinfo , but the total sum doesn't translate to actual cores in the system does it ? – sai sasanka Jul 12 '17 at 9:30
  • Afaik yes. As I mentioned in my answer, I just followed what the OP asked for, i.e. summing up the 2nd column. – FloHe Jul 12 '17 at 9:48
  • 1
    My notebook posseses e.g. an Intel Core i5-4210M dual core processor, which thanks to Hyperthreading has a total sum of 4 virtual cores. . I think, that the four rows stem from the fact, that all 4 cores (2xphysical, 2x hyperthreading) are considered and the cpu cores: 2 line stems from the fact, that a total of 2xphysical cores are on the host machine. – FloHe Jul 12 '17 at 10:09
  • This answer answers the question How can I get such a result? (cpu cores:8) but not the question How can I count the number of CPU cores?. It is somehow the correct answer for the wrong question. I would suggest to include this into the answer. Otherwise some people might really think that one gets the number of cores (physical/virtual whatever) by this command. – daniel.neumann Jul 12 '17 at 12:01
  • 1
    awk can do pattern matching, you rarely need both grep and awk: awk -F: '/cpu cores/ {num+=..., also, both grep and awk can read files directly, so no eed for cat – Eric Renouf Jul 12 '17 at 12:40
7

Try this,

As per man lscpu

CORE   The logical core number. A core can contain several CPUs.

SOCKET The logical socket number. A socket can contain several cores.

cores as well as sockets are physical where as CPU(s) are logical number. So to find the number of cores your system has, do number of cores x number of sockets

A sample output of lscpu is as follows :

Thread(s) per core:    2
Core(s) per socket:    8
Socket(s):             2

So the total number of cores: 16

The total number of CPU(s): 32 (Since number of threads per core is 2)

As @Durga mentioned , the nproc gives total number of CPUs.

For more , refer this answer , to get interpretation of /proc/cpuinfo refer this

I'd like to thank @Kusalananda for helping me to understand the same.

  • Thanks for your lesson.I'm very green on this area.And I read your answer many times.As my understand, one Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-6500U CPU @ 2.50GHz mean 1 socket,two core and four thread.So the CPU(s) is equivalent to thread? – yode Jul 12 '17 at 10:57
  • @yode If your system has 1 socket , 2 cores , and 2 threads per core, then yes you totally have 4 CPU(s) , each CPU being able to execute a thread , that counts to 4 threads – sai sasanka Jul 12 '17 at 11:26
  • So the nproc will give the number of CPU(s) actually?And that mean one computer can have a lot of sockets(physical cpu)? – yode Jul 12 '17 at 11:32
  • @yode Well Almost all processors these days have more than one core. – sai sasanka Jul 12 '17 at 14:03
6

In Terminal nproc, OP: total cpu cores

  • 1
    It will give an empty output here.. – yode Jul 12 '17 at 7:02
  • And I'm after a method that can process that output to get the result. :) – yode Jul 12 '17 at 7:08
  • @yode did you type the # because it's not part of the command it's meant to represent the shell prompt. If it's still not working, what os are you using? – M4rty Jul 12 '17 at 7:08
  • 2
    @yode dont use that #, and as your question there is only 2 cores is there in your system as i guess, not 8 – Durga Jul 12 '17 at 7:11
  • Oh, sorry,it works.But it seem will give the number of CUP but not core number.See this – yode Jul 12 '17 at 7:12
4

Short Answer

The number of physical cores:

> cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -m 1 "cpu cores"
cpu cores   : 2

The number of virtual cores (e.g. 2x number of physical cores with hyper threading):

> cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -c "cpu cores"
4

If you have more than one CPU/processor (in this sense) on your mainboard this does not properly work. See section "Several CPUs per mainboard". This may be the case if you work on a computing cluster or on a high-end desktop workstation for CAD/Engineering-purposes.

Long Answer

The command cat /proc/cpuinfo should print out the number of physical cores in the line cpu cores. But it prints out this information for each virtual core. Thus, if you want to have the number of physical core, you just take the first occurrence of the line cpu cores, which is

> cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -m 1 "cpu cores"
cpu cores   : 2

Alternatively, if you are looking for the number of virtual cores, you count the number of times the line cpu cores is found, which is

> cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -c "cpu cores"
4

Example

I have got a Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-3740QM CPU @ 2.70GHz (4 physical cores, hyperthreading). Lets see what I get:

> cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep "cpu cores"
cpu cores   : 4
cpu cores   : 4
cpu cores   : 4
cpu cores   : 4
cpu cores   : 4
cpu cores   : 4
cpu cores   : 4
cpu cores   : 4

Number of physical cores:

> cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -m 1 "cpu cores"
cpu cores   : 4

Number of virtual cores:

> cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -l "cpu cores"
8

You could also take the last found processor number and increment it by one

> cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep "processor" | tail -1
processor   : 7
# +1

Several CPUs per mainboard

I just looked onto one node of a computing cluster, on which I am currently working: 1 node has 4 CPUs (Intel Xeon) with each 8 physical cores; each CPU supports hyptherthreading; therefore, each CPU has 16 virtual cores; summing it up, the one node has 32 physical and 64 virtual cores;

cat /proc/cpuinfo prints out information for each virtual core. Thus, we get 64 'packages' of information. If we have such a setup, we need to consider the row physical id in cat /proc/cpuinfo.

This is the output I get:

> cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -m 1 "cpu cores"
cpu cores   : 8

> cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -c "cpu cores"
64

> cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep "physical id" | tail -1
physical id   : 3
# this result +1 => number of CPUs

Thus, "number behind cpu cores" x "number behind physical id + 1" is the number of physical cores one our node (8 x (3 + 1)). The 64 is the number of virtual cores.

Nomenclature

Since everyone uses cores, CPU and processor in another context, I introduce a nomenclature for my answer here:

  • processor: the whole piece of hardware (e.g. my Intel® Core™ i7-3740QM Processor)
  • CPU: CPU = processor
  • core or physical core: number of physical calculation units in the CPU
  • thread or virtual core: number of threads that can run on parallel on one CPU; if the (intel-)processor is able to perform hyperthreading the number of virtual cores is twice the number of physical cores (I am not sure how other processor vendors call this feature);

__Example: __

  • processor: Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-3740QM CPU @ 2.70GHz
  • source: Intel Ark

Data:

  • CPU number: 1
  • processor number: 1
  • cores (or physical cores): 4
  • threads (or virtual cores): 8
  • The question about how to sum that core number,but the follow answer(include yours) give me a lot of information about hardware.I'm afraid to make this question too board,acutally I have ping you in this room.Anyway,thanks very very much.And you get my upvote. :) – yode Jul 12 '17 at 12:14
  • An as the terdon say here ,the cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -c "cpu cores" is equivalent to grep -c "cpu cores" /proc/cpuinfo – yode Jul 12 '17 at 12:25
3

If you have glibc and a reasonably recent kernel you can use

getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN

to return the number of currently online1 processors. That includes virtual and hyper-thread processors.


1 On most systems that will be identical to the number of overall processors. The exception are systems that have one or more processors disabled for whatever reason (e. g. because it's faulty or because of artificial restrictions like leased/licensed hardware) or systems that support "hot-plugging" CPUs, had new CPUs added but not yet enabled.

0

Use lscpu to get mumber of cores per socket; then multiply by the number of sockets;then by threads per core.

  • Welcome to the site. Please consider expanding your answer by adding an example to it. – Haxiel Dec 19 '18 at 7:21

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