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On my Beaglebone Black device, I want to run python code at startup which is shared here https://github.com/acseckin/hmrid. The python code requires super user privileges. The Debian version I used on the device was installed with the image "Debian 8.7 2017-03-19 4GB SD IOT". The code works fine from the terminal.

sudo python /home/debian/hmrid/runhmrid.py

Debian users and roots crontab does not work when I append the following line.

@reboot sudo python /home/debian/hmrid/runhmrid.py

But other code that does not require a super user is working perfectly when I add a crontab for a Debian user like

@reboot python /home/debian/hmrid/runNotSuperUser.py

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    Why not put the code to be run as root into the crontab file for root ? – thrig Jun 28 '17 at 18:45
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    Like @thrig said: Replace sudo with root. – jc__ Jun 28 '17 at 18:55
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    Yes, I am also agree with thrig. Instead of using sudo you can set cron entry for the user root – Sourav Jun 28 '17 at 19:07
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    Where is the python executable? Perhaps use the fully qualified path as in @reboot sudo /path/to/python /home/debian/hmrid/runhmrid.py? – Deathgrip Jun 28 '17 at 20:57
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    Change the redirect to >/tmp/runhmrid.out 2>&1 – Deathgrip Jun 28 '17 at 22:36
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Place the job in root's crontab with sudo crontab -e as

@reboot /full/path/to/python /home/debian/hmrid/runhmrid.py

Be aware that the job will be executed without your usual environment. This means that environment variables that may affect the way Python behaves may have to be set elsewhere for the script to work, if it relies on them somehow.

If you want to log the output from this command to a separate file, you may use

@reboot /full/path/to/python /home/debian/hmrid/runhmrid.py >/tmp/runhmrid.log 2>&1

This will log any output from the cron job to the file /tmp/runhmrid.log including error messages.

You may also create a shell script wrapper that sets up the environment (using a series of export statements) and starts you Python script. Then you may call that script from cron.

| improve this answer | |
  • not worked for me. python is working. I think root crontab can not start. – acs Jun 28 '17 at 21:45
  • @acs "Doesn't work" is not easy to debug. See update about logging and try that. Than let us know what went wrong. – Kusalananda Jul 1 '17 at 11:36
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    Thank to @Deathgrip and you for helping me find my mistake. I understand that my problem is not actually about crontab. It does not work because of the inaccuracies in the code library. here is solution github.com/adafruit/adafruit-beaglebone-io-python/issues/… – acs Jul 1 '17 at 11:39

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