I tried to install Arch Linux (2017.04.01-x86_64) on a brand new HP ProLiant Gen8 server (4Gb RAM, Processor - G1610T Intel Celeron G1610T - 2.3 GHz), the install process appeared to complete successfully (following the steps in the Arch Linux wiki.
When I tell the server to boot from HDD I see the error "Non system disk or disk error". What might be causing it to fail if the install appeared to go so well?
Here are the steps I took to get this far.
- Plugged in the server, with three HDs:
- 750GB Western Digital HD (RAID 1 with HD #2)
- 750GB Western Digital HD (RAID 1 with HD #1)
- 80Gb eServer IBM HD
- Burned the Arch Linux iso onto a MicroSD with rufus
- Plugged the MicroSD into the slot on the server motherboard
- Powered on and chose to boot from the MicroSD
- From the Arch Linux screen chose to boot into the Arch Installer
fdisk -l showed the following:
- 700G Linux raid (125M unknown, 500M swap) as /dev/sda
- 700G Linux raid (125M unknown, 500M swap) as /dev/sdb
- 75G exFat as /dev/sdc (80GB HD)
- 60G Fat32 as /dev/sdd (MicroSD)
I wanted to install the OS to the 80GB HD, with 5GB swap, 20GB root partition for the OS, 50GB /home partition.
So I partitioned /dev/sdc with
o # clear partition table
n # new partition p # new partition is primary 1 # named partition number 1 <enter> # default start sector +2G # end sector is 2GB after the start t # change the type from default 82 # change partition type to 'swap' n # new partition p # new partition is primary 2 # named partition number 2 <enter> # default start sector +20G # end sector is 20GB after the start n # new partition p # new partition is primary 3 # named partition number 3 <enter> # default start sector <enter> # end sector is the rest of the disk a # make a partition bootable 2 # make partition 2 bootable w # write new partitions to disk
fdisk -l again seemed to confirm success,
/dev/sdc/ had three partitions of the type and sizes I expected.
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdc2 # put ext4 file system on root partition mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdc3 # put ext4 file system on /home partition mount /dev/sdc2 /mnt # mount partition 2 as root partition mkdir /mnt/home # make a place for the home partition mount /dev/sdc3 /mnt/home #mount partition 3 as home partition
- I edited
/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlistto put local mirrors higher in the list.
- Installed the base system with
pacstrap /mnt base
- Wrote the file system table with
genfstab -L /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
- Chroot'ed into the new system
- Symlinked the right localtime to
- Synced the clock
- Uncommented my locale in
- Set my
LANGenv var in
- Typed my hostname into
- Added my hostname to
- Set the root password with
- Installed GRUB with
pacman -S grub
- Installed GRUB to
grub-install --target=i386-pc /dev/sdc
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
- Left the chroot with
- Unmounted everything with
unmount -R /mnt
- Removed the MicroSD
- Powered on
- Chose to boot from HD
Unfortunately that didn't work, I got the error "Non system disk or disk error"
Thinking it might be to do with the disk order, I removed the two RAID HDs, and put the 80GB disk into slot 0 (
I booted again from the MicroSD, and in the Arch Installer entered the chroot again, and made these changes.
- Installed Grub-bios and kernal headers
pacman -S openssh grub-bios linux-headers linux-lts linux-lts-headers
- Enabled sshd with
systemctl enable sshd
- Then re-ran the commands for installing GRUB.
grub-install --target=i386-pc /dev/sda
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
Rebooting gave me the same error and I couldn't find any more help in the Arch Linux Wiki or YouTube tutorials.
What might cause the installation procedure to apparently go so well, but make the server unable to boot from the HD?
Is it a problem that the HD was in slot
/dev/sdc when I installed? Is it a problem that I then moved it?