I want to be able to run a script after a certain duration has elapsed. I also want to be able to cancel it and reschedule it, i.e. increase the duration on-the-fly.

I was thinking of somthing like this ->

stop_prev_instance.sh; sleep 60 && /etc/init.d/myscript reload

My problem is I need the stop_prev_instance.sh to only stop the previous run if it was sleeping, and not if the /etc/init.d/myscript reload command is running.

What would be the right way to solve this problem?


Maybe use lockfile (from procmail project) for such a "cancel-and-reload" script.


MYNAME=$(basename "$0")

lockfile "$LOCKFILE"
# kill all other scripts with the same name
KILLPIDS=$(pgrep "^${MYNAME:0:12}" | grep -v "^$MYPID\$")
kill $KILLPIDS 2>/dev/null
rm -f "$LOCKFILE"

sleep "$SLEEP"

lockfile "$LOCKFILE"
/etc/init.d/myscript reload
rm -f "$LOCKFILE"

At most one script will be executing between the lockfile and the rm commands.

Note, the reload-lock file should be better placed somewhere where only one user has write permissions (not /tmp!).

  • Thank you for your answer. I'm not a bash guy so I maybe wrong, but this solution doesn't seem to satisfy my requirement to stop all previous instances of the script. – user3490458 May 8 '17 at 14:55
  • All I had in my stop_prev_instance.sh was something like a kill -INT pgrep myscript``, and it wasn't working as mentioned in the question. :( Could you please update your answer with a working implementation of such a script (or perhaps add it directly to above script)? – user3490458 May 9 '17 at 6:00
  • @user3490458 I've added some code to kill the other previous scripts, hopefully it's good enough. – rudimeier May 9 '17 at 7:29

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