I am attempting to setup so I can mail from Raspbian.

When I attempt to send I get an error ssmtp: Cannot open smtp.gmail.com:587 (I also tried port:465)

I have set "Access for less secure apps" on Google and can send/receive from the account on Thunderbird.

I have installed ssmtp and configured /etc/ssmtp/ssmtp.conf to contain:-

# Config file for sSMTP sendmail
# The person who gets all mail for userids < 1000
# Make this empty to disable rewriting.

# The place where the mail goes. The actual machine name is required no 
# MX records are consulted. Commonly mailhosts are named mail.domain.com


# Where will the mail seem to come from?

# The full hostname

# Are users allowed to set their own From: address?
# YES - Allow the user to specify their own From: address
# NO - Use the system generated From: address

I have also configured /etc/ssmtp/revaliases to contain:-

# sSMTP aliases
# Format:   local_account:outgoing_address:mailhub
# Example: root:your_login@your.domain:mailhub.your.domain[:port]
# where [:port] is an optional port number that defaults to 25.

Any suggestions?

Edit The settings above based on https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/SSMTP

I have done some further testing.

  1. I selected a different SMTP server, which worked. (I do not want to use this, as it is only available when directly connected to my ISP.)

  2. I tried setting an Application Specific password, and got the response"The setting you are looking for is not available for your account". (Presumably because this account does not have 2-factor authentication.)

The gmail account I am trying to use was specifically created to send messages from the Raspberry Pi.

  • Setting up an application password is one of the ways, as far as I can remember; it has been a good while ago. Apr 19 '17 at 7:48
  • Cannot open sounds like a network level issue, can you use tcpdump or wireshark to see if the packets are even getting to google?
    – thrig
    Apr 19 '17 at 14:20
  • @tripleee I changed the hostmail and it worked. If you post as answer I will accept! I had used a guide from a reputable book, which had a full example, and this used email address! The Arch site said "# The full hostname. Must be correctly formed, fully qualified domain name or GMail will reject connection. hostname=yourlocalhost.yourlocaldomain.tld" but I misread this, as email.
    – Milliways
    Apr 20 '17 at 5:19

This is very easy to accomplish:

Simplest way to send one-line mail out via command line using gmail?


Install ssmtp with the following commands:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ssmtp

Then go into /etc/ssmtp and edit ssmtp.conf to look like this:


Send a one-liner like so:

echo "Testing...1...2...3" | ssmtp myusername@gmail.com

Couldn't be simpler.


The hostname assignment looks wrong. You probably want hostname=raspberry.pi or something like that. (Ideally, your host has a public DNS name, and you should use that.) It should not be an email address.

  • I have not examined the sources but I imagine it's only actually used in the HELO/EHLO in which case it doesn't crucially matter what exactly you put there. It will end up in a Received: header so it's helpful if it somehow uniquely identifies your host.
    – tripleee
    Apr 20 '17 at 6:09
  • The various settings I used actually appeared in Received:, although my ISP removed the @ and substituted ?. Google just refused the request. I am now using my domain name.
    – Milliways
    Apr 20 '17 at 6:22

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